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In developing countries, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains a seriously under-prioritised disease, particularly among the underprivileged, often resulting in presentation of patients late in the course of their disease, further complicated by limited therapeutic options and inconsistent follow up. The consequences are often severe with irreversible disability, increased frequency of co-morbidities, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD), and higher mortality rates, relative to developed countries. Despite addressing traditional cardiovascular risk factors, the impact of subclinical or 'residual' inflammation from uncontrolled RA needs to be considered. This narrative review explores the prevalence and pathogenesis of CVD in RA, including the impact of tobacco use. It discusses pitfalls in the risk assessment of CVD in patients with RA, and the effect of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic therapy on cardiovascular co-morbidity.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cardiovascular journal of Africa
Increased cardiovascular (CV) risk and associated mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are not fully explained by traditional CV risk factors. This review discusses the epidemiology and mechanisms o...
The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) cholesterol treatment guidelines recommend statins for patients with diabetes aged 40-75 years due to their elevated cardio...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multi-system, autoimmune disorder and confers one of the strongest risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality.
Nesfatin is an anti-inflammatory molecule that reduces atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk. By contrast, visfatin has pro-inflammatory properties and is pro-atherogenic. We examined the potential impa...
To verify if tocilizumab (TCZ) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events compared with etanercept (ETN) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk of having cardiovascular deaths. Our study is aimed at looking at the effects of proven cholesterol lowering treatment drug called ...
Primary aim: examine a possible connection between cigarette smoking, disease activity and perceived pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Secondary aim: Evaluate cardiovascular ris...
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a significantly higher risk to develop heart attacks and other complications of their blood vessels. New therapies are needed to prevent this compli...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the most common autoimmune inflammatory arthritis affecting 0.5 to 1% population worldwide characterized by synovitis, increased inflammatory markers an...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the link between rheumatoid arthritis and cardiovascular disease by studying inflammation, joint disease, cholesterol abnormalities, and endothe...
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Arthritis in children, with onset before 16 years of age. The terms juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refer to classification systems for chronic arthritis in children. Only one subtype of juvenile arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Systemic-onset rheumatoid arthritis in adults. It differs from classical rheumatoid arthritis in that it is more often marked by acute febrile onset, and generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly are more prominent.
A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.
A chimeric monoclonal antibody to TNF ALPHA that is used in the treatment of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS and CROHN'S DISEASE.
Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...