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Rheumatoid arthritis and risk of cardiovascular disease.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Rheumatoid arthritis and risk of cardiovascular disease."

In developing countries, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains a seriously under-prioritised disease, particularly among the underprivileged, often resulting in presentation of patients late in the course of their disease, further complicated by limited therapeutic options and inconsistent follow up. The consequences are often severe with irreversible disability, increased frequency of co-morbidities, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD), and higher mortality rates, relative to developed countries. Despite addressing traditional cardiovascular risk factors, the impact of subclinical or 'residual' inflammation from uncontrolled RA needs to be considered. This narrative review explores the prevalence and pathogenesis of CVD in RA, including the impact of tobacco use. It discusses pitfalls in the risk assessment of CVD in patients with RA, and the effect of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic therapy on cardiovascular co-morbidity.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cardiovascular journal of Africa
ISSN: 1680-0745
Pages: 1-5

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.

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