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AccD6 is an important component of acetyl-CoA/propionyl-CoA carboxylase, which acts as a key role in mycolic acid synthesis and short chain fatty acyl-coenzyme A metabolism. In this study, we demonstrated that AccD6 of Mycobacterium smegmatis associates with AccA3 (α subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, MSMEG_1807) and AccE (ε subunit, MSMEG_1812) to form the acetyl-CoA (propionyl-CoA) carboxylase. Results showed that the MSMEG_4331 subunit is a regulator that interacts with the promoter region of accD6 to inhibit its transcription. Transcription of accD6 was reduced by 50% in the mutant M. smegmatis strain overexpressing MSMEG_4331. Moreover, the activity of AccD6 was inhibited by acylation (such as acetylation and propionylation). These results demonstrate that AccD6 of M. smegmatis is regulated at both the transcriptional and post-translational levels. Our findings highlight the novel regulatory mechanism underlying mycolic acid biosynthesis in mycobacteria.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: FEMS microbiology letters
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A rapid-growing, nonphotochromogenic species of MYCOBACTERIUM originally isolated from human smegma and found also in soil and water. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Any of various enzymatically catalyzed post-translational modifications of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS in the cell of origin. These modifications include carboxylation; HYDROXYLATION; ACETYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; METHYLATION; GLYCOSYLATION; ubiquitination; oxidation; proteolysis; and crosslinking and result in changes in molecular weight and electrophoretic motility.
A class of untranslated RNA molecules that are typically greater than 200 nucleotides in length and do not code for proteins. Members of this class have been found to play roles in transcriptional regulation, post-transcriptional processing, CHROMATIN REMODELING, and in the epigenetic control of chromatin.
Post-transcriptional biological modification of messenger, transfer, or ribosomal RNAs or their precursors. It includes cleavage, methylation, thiolation, isopentenylation, pseudouridine formation, conformational changes, and association with ribosomal protein.
A forkhead box transcription factor and transcriptional activator which triggers type 1 programmed cell death (APOPTOSIS) in the absence of APOPTOSIS INHIBITING PROTEINS, including neuronal cell death induced by OXIDATIVE STRESS. It recognizes and binds to the DNA sequence 5'-(AG)TAAA(TC)A-3' and also functions in post-transcriptional regulation of the c-MYC PROTO-ONCOGENE.