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TNF receptor associated factor 5 controls oncostatin M-mediated lung inflammation.

08:00 EDT 26th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "TNF receptor associated factor 5 controls oncostatin M-mediated lung inflammation."

Oncostatin M (OSM) is involved in pathogenesis of several human inflammatory diseases including lung inflammation and fibrosis. Although accumulating evidence indicates that OSM mediates lung inflammation, the precise mechanism for OSM on lung inflammation still remains unclear. In this study, we found that OSM receptor was abundantly expressed on endothelial and stromal/fibroblast cells in the lung of mice. In vitro stimulation with OSM upregulated vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), which promotes eosinophil infiltration in the lung tissues, on freshly-isolated lung stromal/fibroblast cells from wild-type mice. However, these cells from TNF receptor associated factor 5 (TRAF5)-deficient mice failed to show the increase in VCAM-1 expression after OSM stimulation. Furthermore, Traf5mice showed markedly attenuated lung inflammation in terms of eosinophil infiltration upon intranasal administration with OSM as compared to wild-type mice. These results indicate that TRAF5 is crucially involved in OSM-mediated lung inflammation probably by inducing lung stromal/fibroblast cell activation.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
ISSN: 1090-2104
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subtype of oncostatin receptors that are formed by dimerization of ONCOSTATIN M RECEPTOR BETA SUBUNIT and CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130. They are activated specifically by ONCOSTATIN M and signal through interaction of their cytoplasmic domains with JANUS KINASES.

An ONCOSTATIN M-specific receptor subunit that combines with CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130 to form the ONCOSTATIN M TYPE II RECEPTOR.

Cell surface receptors formed from the dimerization of LIF RECEPTOR ALPHA SUBUNIT with CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130. Although originally described as receptors for LEUKEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR these receptors also bind the closely-related protein ONCOSTATIN M and are referred to as both LIF receptors and type I oncostatin M receptors.

A receptor subunit that combines with CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130 to form the dual specificity receptor for LEUKEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR and ONCOSTATIN M. The subunit is also a component of the CILIARY NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR RECEPTOR. Both membrane-bound and secreted isoforms of the receptor subunit exist due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of its mRNA. The secreted isoform is believed to act as an inhibitory receptor, while the membrane-bound form is a signaling receptor.

A cytokine with both pro- and anti-inflammatory actions that depend upon the cellular microenvironment. Oncostatin M is a 28 kDa monomeric glycoprotein that is similar in structure to LEUKEMIA INHIBITORY FACTOR. Its name derives from the the observation that it inhibited the growth of tumor cells and augmented the growth of normal fibroblasts.

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