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Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare inflammatory papulosquamous skin disease, often refractory to conventional therapies. The off-label use of biologics, such as anti-TNF, -IL-12/IL-23, -IL-17 agents, has been proven successful, in the last two decades, in PRP treatment. Our aim was to analyse the literature for the use of biologics in PRP treatment. We conducted a review by "Pubmed" and "clinicaltrial.gov" searches. 68 articles met our selection criteria and were herein discussed. Out of 86 PRP patients, the vast majority of which treated with anti-TNF, -IL-12/IL-23, and -IL-17 biologics, either alone or in combination therapy, a marked-to-complete response (50-78%), a partial response (11-25%) or no/poor response (11-25%) was observed. This review has several limitations including small sample sizes, with no shared study design criteria, and the fact that -in some instances- PRP may spontaneously resolve. Further, the presence of concomitant therapy and/or the lack of detailed data on previous treatments, makes it difficult to strictly define a therapeutic role per se of specific biologics in PRP. This review shows that biologics may be regarded as a tool for PRP treatment alone or in combination therapy although clinical trials are needed to better assess their efficacy and safety.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Refractory pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) often is treated off-label with the same biologic therapies that are approved for the treatment of psoriasis, most commonly tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α ant...
The familial form of pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is caused by dominant mutations in the coiled-coiled domain of CARD14 . Different variants in CARD14 have been associated with psoriasis . As some...
Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare, chronic, heterogeneous, papulosquamous inflammatory dermatosis of unknown etiology. Although erythematous scaly patches characterize the classic presentation ...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the biologic medication alefacept (Amevive) is effective and safe in the treatment of Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris.
The primary objective of this study is to assess the potential effectiveness of Cosentyx in the treatment of adult-onset Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris or PRP.
15 patients with PRP will be treated with ixekizumab for 24 weeks to determine safety and efficacy. Participants are required to travel to Portland, OR only for the first visit and week-24...
Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a benign skin condition that often is very frustrating for the patients and treating physicians. The investigators are interested to see if the study product is ...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of AO+ Mist administered daily for 4 weeks to improve the appearance of skin afflicted with keratosis pila...
A chronic skin disease characterized by small follicular papules, disseminated reddish-brown scaly patches, and often, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. The papules are about the size of a pin and topped by a horny plug.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
The field encompassing therapeutic materials produced using biological means, including recombinant DNA technology. Biotherapeutics, also known as biotech drugs or biologics, are therapies derived from living organisms. By harnessing these living cells...
Acne Dermatology Eczema Psoriasis Wound Care Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers...
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...