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Implications of and lessons learned from external assurance of eight influenza diagnostics in China.

08:00 EDT 30th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Implications of and lessons learned from external assurance of eight influenza diagnostics in China."

This study evaluated the ability of laboratories in the Chinese mainland to conduct molecular detection of seasonal A(H1N1), A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), A(H5N1), A(H7N9), A(H9N2), B(Victoria), and B(Yamagata). Based on a genetically engineered system of virus-like particles (VLPs), the National Center for Clinical Laboratories of China (NCCLs) developed an external quality assessment (EQA) panel. The panel was distributed to 35 laboratories in mainland China to investigate the proficiency of the 16 assays for influenza molecular detection. Using genetic engineering technology, VLPs encapsulating the 37 target genes of 8 influenza viruses were generated. After verification and quantification, 26 influenza virus surrogates with different concentrations were prepared for EQA. Among the 35 participating laboratories, 319 datasets were returned to the NCCLs. Overall, 95.6% (305/319) of datasets correctly reported all 30 samples, while 2.2% (7/319) of datasets with more than one incorrect result were considered as "improvable". A total of 16 misdiagnosed and 18 undiagnosed results were reported. The data analyzed in this study showed good reproducibility in China, but improvements are needed to decrease misdiagnosed and undiagnosed cases, particularly for the A(H9N2) NA gene. Moreover, VLPs are a good alternative specimen type for assay training and proficiency testing purposes.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Virus research
ISSN: 1872-7492
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.

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Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.

Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.

A genus of the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE comprising viruses similar to types A and B but less common, more stable, more homogeneous, and lacking the neuraminidase protein. They have not been associated with epidemics but may cause mild influenza. Influenza C virus is the type species.

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