Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The oligopeptide permease (Opp) cassette, an oligopeptide transport system belongs to the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, is widely distributed in bacteria, including Streptococcus suis (S. suis). It is encoded by the opp operon containing oppA, oppB, oppC, oppD, and oppF. In addition to the uptake of peptide, the oppA gene also plays an important role in virulence of many pathogens. In this study, an oppA homologue from the highly virulent S. suis serotype 2 (S. suis 2) strain 05ZYH33 was identified. Flow cytometry and Western blot confirmed that OppA is a surface immunogenic protein and is expressed during S. suis 2 infection. To explore the role of oppA in S. suis 2 growth and pathogenicity, an isogenic 05ZYH33 mutant of oppA (△oppA) was obtained by homologous recombination. Although the complementary strain was not obtained due to the △oppA strain is not transformable, the current data revealed that deletion of the oppA gene in S. suis 2 has greatly affected its growth and virulence. Our data revealed that the growth rate is significantly slow for the △oppA. Adherence of the △oppA strain to human epithelial cells is greatly reduced comparing to the wild strain. Mouse infection experiment showed that inactivation of oppA greatly attenuated the high pathogenicity of S. suis 2. The observed results suggest that OppA is a surface-exposed protein and plays important roles in the growth and pathogenicity of S. suis 2.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Microbial pathogenesis
The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) is a major human pathogen that requires Zn for its survival and virulence in the host environment. Polyhistidine triad protein D (PhtD) has a ...
To determine the anti-virulence properties of silibinin against suilysin (SLY), a virulence factor of Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of S. suis in...
Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (SS2) is an important zoonotic pathogen that infects swine and humans with high mortality and morbidity. Although a number of virulence-associated factors have been repor...
Proton-dependent oligopeptide transporters (POTs) are important for uptake of di-/tripeptides in many organisms and for drug transport in humans. The binding mode of dipeptides has been well described...
The objective of this study was to comprehensively identify the target genes regulated by the RNA polymerase-binding transcription factor DksA in Escherichia coli, and to clarify the role of DksA in m...
IL-22 is an IL-10 family cytokine that plays major actions to increase intestinal epithelial barrier function and regeneration during experimental colitis. IL-22 binding protein is a small...
- 4 tubes (2 x7-ml dry tubes with yellow gelose, and 2 x 5 ml tubes with blue CTAD) will be taken from the patient within 24 hours following inclusion (D0) in the department in ...
Plasma histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) binds to platelets in the presence of zinc (1). This binding is totally blocked by a monoclonal antibody directed against platelet membrane CD36. ...
Our objective here is to characterize the viral evolution and viral factors determining HIV virulence, the evolution of the HIV reservoir in PBMC and the co-evolution of anti-HIV CD8 T cel...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Retinol binding protein 4 has a role in insulin resistance development in patients suffering from end stage renal disease on hemodialysis.
Heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein subunits that tightly associate with GTP-BINDING PROTEIN BETA SUBUNITS. A dimer of beta and gamma subunits is formed when the GTP-BINDING PROTEIN ALPHA SUBUNIT dissociates from the GTP-binding protein heterotrimeric complex. The beta-gamma dimer can play an important role in signal transduction by interacting with a variety of second messengers.
Heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein subunits that tightly associate with GTP-BINDING PROTEIN GAMMA SUBUNITS. A dimer of beta and gamma subunits is formed when the GTP-BINDING PROTEIN ALPHA SUBUNIT dissociates from the GTP-binding protein heterotrimeric complex. The beta-gamma dimer can play an important role in signal transduction by interacting with a variety of second messengers.
A ubiquitously expressed regulatory protein that contains a retinoblastoma protein binding domain and an AT-rich interactive domain. The protein may play a role in recruiting HISTONE DEACETYLASES to the site of RETINOBLASTOMA PROTEIN-containing transcriptional repressor complexes.
A retinoblastoma-binding protein that is involved in CHROMATIN REMODELING, histone deacetylation, and transcription repression. Although initially discovered as a retinoblastoma binding protein it has an affinity for core HISTONES and is a subunit of chromatin assembly factor-1 where it plays a role in the deposition of NUCLEOSOMES on newly synthesized DNA.
A retinoblastoma-binding protein that is found as a subunit of protein complexes involved in the acetylation of newly synthesized histones. Although initially discovered as a retinoblastoma binding protein, it also has an affinity for core HISTONES and plays a role in recruiting core histone proteins to the active site of the acetyltransferase enzyme complexes.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...