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Severe CNS inflammation after discontinuation of natalizumab and start of daclizumab successfully treated with alemtuzumab.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Severe CNS inflammation after discontinuation of natalizumab and start of daclizumab successfully treated with alemtuzumab."

Natalizumab is highly effective in the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis patients. Unfortunately, after stopping natalizumab, there is an increased risk of inflammation in the central nervous system and relapses. Switching from natalizumab to an alternative sufficient drug may prevent disease reactivation. Here we present a case of a patient who experienced a dramatic course with severe central nervous system inflammation after discontinuation of natalizumab and treatment initiation with daclizumab. During a treatment of 36 days, 20 g intravenous methylprednisolone in total and ten courses of plasmapheresis were not able to control the severe CNS inflammation. Alemtuzumab, which targets the whole lymphocyte population, was able to stabilize the devastating disease course in our case.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Multiple sclerosis and related disorders
ISSN: 2211-0356
Pages: 87-89

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Acute suppurative inflammation of the inner eye with necrosis of the sclera (and sometimes the cornea) and extension of the inflammation into the orbit. Pain may be severe and the globe may rupture. In endophthalmitis the globe does not rupture.

Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.

Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva.

A syndrome characterized by facial palsy in association with a herpetic eruption of the external auditory meatus. This may occasionally be associated with tinnitus, vertigo, deafness, severe otalgia, and inflammation of the pinna. The condition is caused by reactivation of a latent HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN infection which causes inflammation of the facial and vestibular nerves, and may occasionally involve additional cranial nerves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p757)

A humanized monoclonal immunoglobulin G4 antibody to human INTEGRIN ALPHA4 that binds to the alpha4 subunit of INTEGRIN ALPHA4BETA1 and integrin alpha4beta7. It is used as an IMMUNOLOGIC FACTOR in the treatment of RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CROHN'S DISEASE.

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