Advertisement

Topics

Occupational exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and other flame retardant foam additives at gymnastics studios: Before, during and after the replacement of pit foam with PBDE-free foams.

08:00 EDT 6th April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Occupational exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and other flame retardant foam additives at gymnastics studios: Before, during and after the replacement of pit foam with PBDE-free foams."

Coaches spend long hours training gymnasts of all ages aided by polyurethane foam used in loose blocks, mats, and other padded equipment. Polyurethane foam can contain flame retardant additives such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), to delay the spread of fires. However, flame retardants have been associated with endocrine disruption and carcinogenicity. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) evaluated employee exposure to flame retardants in four gymnastics studios utilized by recreational and competitive gymnasts. We evaluated flame retardant exposure at the gymnastics studios before, during, and after the replacement of foam blocks used in safety pits with foam blocks certified not to contain several flame retardants, including PBDEs. We collected hand wipes on coaches to measure levels of flame retardants on skin before and after their work shift. We measured flame retardant levels in the dust on window glass in the gymnastics areas and office areas, and in the old and new foam blocks used throughout the gymnastics studios. We found statistically higher levels of 9 out of 13 flame retardants on employees' hands after work than before, and this difference was reduced after the foam replacement. Windows in the gymnastics areas had higher levels of 3 of the 13 flame retardants than windows outside the gymnastics areas, suggesting that dust and vapor containing flame retardants became airborne. Mats and other padded equipment contained levels of bromine consistent with the amount of brominated flame retardants in foam samples analyzed in the laboratory. New blocks did not contain PBDEs, but did contain the flame retardants 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate and 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate. We conclude that replacing the pit foam blocks eliminated a source of PBDEs, but not 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate and 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate. We recommend ways to further minimize employee exposure to flame retardants at work and acknowledge the challenges consumers have identifying chemical contents of new products.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environment international
ISSN: 1873-6750
Pages: 1-9

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [6640 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in two fat compartments with increased risk of insulin resistance in obese individuals.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a widely utilized class of flame retardants in various commercial products, represent a prominent source of environmental contaminants. PBDEs tend to accumulate...

Prenatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers and predisposition to frustration at 7 months: Results from the MIREC study.

Prenatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) has been associated with cognitive deficits and behavioral problems in children. To date, no study has examined this exposure in association...

A nested case-control study of the association between exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is rapidly increasing worldwide. Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) is thought to be a contributor to GDM, in...

Disruption of thyroid hormone levels by decabrominated diphenyl ethers (BDE-209) in occupational workers from a deca-BDE manufacturing plant.

While there is some evidence that exposure to decabrominated diphenyl ethers (BDE-209) affects thyroid function, the results obtained to date have been inconsistent. No studies have been performed on ...

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and incident pregnancy loss: The LIFE Study.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have not been studied in relation to incident pregnancy loss in human populations, despite their ubiquitous exposure and purported reproductive toxicity.

Clinical Trials [2439 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Weight Loss Aid in an Exposed Population

The study will explore whether if the use of Orlistat results in weight loss that is accompanied by a reduction in the body burdens of polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and other Persistent O...

Hypofractionated Focal Lesion Ablative Microboost in prostatE Cancer

The hypo-FLAME study is a multicenter phase II study (n=100) to investigate whether a focal SBRT boost to the MRI-defined macroscopic tumor volume is feasible and associated with acceptabl...

Early Incidence of Occupational Asthma Among Bakers, Pastry-makers and Hairdressers

Background: Occupational exposures are thought to be responsible for 10-15% of new-onset asthma cases in adults, with disparities across sectors. Because most of the data are derived from ...

A Phase IV Open-label Evaluation of Safety, Tolerability, and Acceptability of a Fixed-dose Formulation of Bictegravir, Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide (B/F/TAF) for Non-occupational Prophylaxis Following Potential Exposure to HIV-1

Study will evaluate the safety and tolerability of once daily Biktarvy for 28 days for prevention of HIV infection in HIV-1-seronegative adults after high-risk sexual contact. (non-occupat...

Underreporting of Occupational Blood Exposure (OBE) Among Medical Staff at an University Hospital Center (UHC) in 2017 (OBE PRACTITIONERS UHC 2017)

Regarding 30 to 50% of occupational blood exposure (OBE) are underreporting among health professionals, it's to highlight that the part of medical professionals in OBE reporting is among t...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Compounds that contain two halogenated benzene rings linked via an OXYGEN atom. Many polybrominated diphenyl ethers are used as FLAME RETARDANTS.

Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.

The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.

Pyrolysis of organic compounds at the temperature of a hydrogen-air flame to produce ionic intermediates which can be collected and the resulting ion current measured by gas chromatography.

ACNE-like skin eruptions caused by exposure to CHLORINE-containing compounds. Exposure can be by inhalation, ingestion, or through the skin. Chloracne is often seen in people who have occupational contact with chlorinated pesticides, wood preservatives, and sealants.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas caused by the release of activated pancreatic enzymes. Common triggers are biliary tract disease and chronic heavy alcohol intake.  Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation...

Dermatology
Acne Dermatology Eczema Psoriasis Wound Care Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers...


Searches Linking to this Article