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Physicochemical and structural properties of proteins used as active pharmaceutical ingredients of biopharmaceuticals are determinant to carry out their biological activity. In this regard, the assays intended to evaluate functionality of biopharmaceuticals provide confirmatory evidence that they contain the appropriate physicochemical properties and structural conformation. The validation of the methodologies used for the assessment of critical quality attributes of biopharmaceuticals is a key requirement for manufacturing under GMP environments. Herein we present the development and validation of a flow cytometry-based methodology for the evaluation of adalimumab's affinity towards membrane-bound TNFα (mTNFα) on recombinant CHO cells. This in vitro methodology measures the interaction between an in-solution antibody and its target molecule onto the cell surface through a fluorescent signal. The characteristics evaluated during the validation exercise showed that this methodology is suitable for its intended purpose. The assay demonstrated to be accurate (r = 0.92, slope = 1.20), precise (%CV ≤ 18.31) and specific (curve fitting, r = 0.986-0.997) to evaluate binding of adalimumab to mTNFα. The results obtained here provide evidence that detection by flow cytometry is a viable alternative for bioassays used in the pharmaceutical industry. In addition, this methodology could be standardized for the evaluation of other biomolecules acting through the same mechanism of action.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
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Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A transcription factor that dimerizes with CORE BINDING FACTOR BETA SUBUNIT to form core binding factor. It contains a highly conserved DNA-binding domain known as the runt domain and is involved in genetic regulation of skeletal development and CELL DIFFERENTIATION.
A rac GTP-binding protein involved in regulating actin filaments at the plasma membrane. It controls the development of filopodia and lamellipodia in cells and thereby influences cellular motility and adhesion. It is also involved in activation of NADPH OXIDASE. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 188.8.131.52.
A genetically related subfamily of RAB GTP-BINDING PROTEINS involved in transport from the cell membrane to early endosomes. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 184.108.40.206.
A subfamily of ATP binding cassette transporters that function primarily in the transport of lipids and STEROLS across the CELL MEMBRANE. They also export UREA and various drugs resulting in MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE. They are smaller than most other ATP binding cassette proteins, consisting of six transmembrane alpha helices and a distinct N-terminal cytoplasmic ATP-binding domain, and function as homo- or heterodimers with other ABCG transporters.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...