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Airway management and ventilation during a tracheobronchial stenting procedure are challenging given that mandatory positive pressure ventilation cannot be fully achieved while using a rigid bronchoscope due to leakage from the scope tip. Biphasic cuirass ventilation is a negative pressure ventilation method using an external cuirass fitted to the anterior chest, which could assist in spontaneous breathing and ventilation support. We report 3 successful anesthesia cases in which we could maintain adequate ventilation and oxygenation, supported by biphasic cuirass ventilation, in patients undergoing tracheobronchial stent placement or removal procedures using rigid bronchoscopy.
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Epiglottic cysts often cause difficulty in airway management, with potential serious life-threatening complications. This case report describes a patient with an epiglottic cyst in whom mask ventilat...
Absence of interlobar collateral ventilation using the Chartis measurement is the key predictor for successful endobronchial valve treatment in severe emphysema. Chartis was originally validated in sp...
Recruitment maneuver and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can be used to counteract intraoperative anesthesia-induced atelectasis. Variable ventilation can stabilize lung mechanics by avoiding ...
Reliably identifying patients at risk for postoperative respiratory depression (RD) remains an unmet need. We hypothesized that defined low minute ventilation events (LMVe) near the end of the post-an...
The short-term safety and efficacy of insertion of a self-expandable metallic colonic stent (SEMS) followed by elective surgery, "bridge to surgery (BTS)", for malignant large bowel obstruction (MLBO)...
Investigators intend to determine if the use of Biphasic Cuirass Ventilation (BCV) improves patient safety (avoiding hypoxia) during emergency rapid sequence intubation .
This study will examine the correlation between the transpulmonary pressure and the actual setting on the biphasic chest cuirass device is the primary study end point.
Non-invasive ventilation has become increasingly important in the management of patients with acute respiratory failure. One of its major goals is to prevent the need for invasive ventilat...
The MRTX portable lightweight respirator (MRTX) provides noninvasive respiratory support using biphasic extrathoracic ventilation via a cuirass fitted around the patient's chest.The aim of...
Accurate understanding of tracheobronchial anatomy is important for application of various airway maneuvers in anesthesiology in children. Majority of pediatric anesthesia textbooks state ...
Surgical construction of an artificial opening (stoma) for external fistulization of a duct or vessel by insertion of a tube with or without a supportive stent.
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").
An insulin preparation that is designed to provide immediate and long term glycemic control in a single dosage. Biphasic insulin typically contains a mixture of REGULAR INSULIN or SHORT-ACTING INSULIN combined with a LONG-ACTING INSULIN.
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...
A stent is a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to other parts of your body. A stent is placed in an artery as part of a procedure called angioplasty. &...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...