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A close relationship between epigenetic regulation and obesity has been demonstrated in several recent studies. Histone methyltransferase enhancer of Zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2), which mainly catalyzes trimethylation of histone H3K27 to form H3K27me3 was found to be required for the differentiation of white and brown adipocytes in vitro. Here, we investigated the effects of the Ezh2-specific inhibitor GSK126 in a mouse model of obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). We found that GSK126 treatment reduced body fat, improved glucose tolerance, increased lipolysis and improved cold tolerance in mice by promoting the differentiation of thermogenic beige adipocytes. Moreover, we discovered that GSK126 inhibited the differentiation of white adipocytes, and the decreasing of Ezh2 enzymatic activity and H3K27me3 also changed the morphology of brown adipocytes but did not alter the expression of thermogenic genes in these cells. Our results indicated that GSK126 was a novel chemical inducer of beige adipocytes and may be a potential therapeutic agent for the management of obesity. Furthermore, they also prompted that Ezh2 and H3K27me3 play different roles in the differentiation of the white, brown, and beige adipocytes in vivo.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochemical and biophysical research communications
The adipose organ portrays adipocytes of diverse tones: white, brown and beige, each type with distinct functions. Adipocytes orchestrate their adaptation and expansion to provide storage to excess nu...
Adipocyte differentiation is a tightly regulated process which requires the sequential and organized expression of numerous genes and proteins. Phosphorylation of cytoplasmic proteins and key transcri...
The current review provides an update on secreted factors and mechanisms that promote a thermogenic program in beige adipocytes, and their potential roles as therapeutic targets to fight obesity.
White adipose tissue (WAT) is the primary energy storage organ and its excess contributes to obesity, while brown adipose tissue (BAT) and inducible thermogenic (beige/brite) adipocytes in WAT dissipa...
The prevalence of obesity and its associated diseases is increasing worldwide, and the therapeutic potential of increasing energy expenditure through differentiation or activation of beige adipocytes ...
Activating brown and beige adipose tissue (herein described as BAT) has been recently recognized as a potential means to increase energy expenditure and lower blood glucose, however, BAT a...
Considering the high prevalence of obesity its comorbidities in Brazil and in the world, different therapeutic measures have been suggested. It is currently known that brown/beige adipose ...
The main objective of the study is to evaluate the thermogenic effect of ginger.
Drinking water is largely advocated for obesity prevention and management. Recent studies have suggested that water has a thermogenic effect, this has not been examined in children. In thi...
Regarding its complex pathogenesis and clinic-epidemiological meaning, different strategies are needed for the treatment of obesity. Ginger is the rhizome of a plant with thermogenic and a...
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
An E3 ubiquitin ligase primarily involved in regulation of the metaphase-to-anaphase transition during MITOSIS through ubiquitination of specific CELL CYCLE PROTEINS. Enzyme activity is tightly regulated through subunits and cofactors, which modulate activation, inhibition, and substrate specificity. The anaphase-promoting complex, or APC-C, is also involved in tissue differentiation in the PLACENTA, CRYSTALLINE LENS, and SKELETAL MUSCLE, and in regulation of postmitotic NEURONAL PLASTICITY and excitability.
Highly conserved proteins that specifically bind to and activate the anaphase-promoting complex-cyclosome, promoting ubiquitination and proteolysis of cell-cycle-regulatory proteins. Cdc20 is essential for anaphase-promoting complex activity, initiation of anaphase, and cyclin proteolysis during mitosis.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
The development and maintenance of an organism is orchestrated by a set of chemical reactions that switch parts of the genome off and on at strategic times and locations. Epigenetics is the study of these reactions and the factors that influence them. ...