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According to the 2017 revised McDonald criteria, the presence of oligoclonal bands (OCB) at isoelectric focusing (IEF) is useful for the diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), including relapsing-remitting MS and primary progressive MS. In this context, the quantification of IgG in serum and CSF is required for IEF execution (to deposit the same amount of IgG in serum and CSF), while the quantification of albumin in serum and CSF allows the calculation of the albumin quotient. We have evaluated the analytical performances of Cobas 8000® analyzer for the quantification of albumin and IgG in serum and CSF. Coefficients of variation were below 3.3% for within-run precision and below 3.1% for between-run precision. Results were similar or better than those obtained on nephelometer Immage 800® and turbidimeter SPAPLUS®. The uncertainty of quantification of IgG in CSF was 9% and that of albumin in CSF was 12%. IgG and albumin measured on Cobas 8000® in serum and CSF showed good agreement with results obtained on the nephelometer Immage 800®, including for the classification of albumin quotient and CSF IgG index as normal or pathological. Therefore, Cobas 8000® is a valuable tool for the quantification of IgG and albumin in CSF, in the context of diagnosis of MS and other inflammatory disease affecting the central nervous system.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical biochemistry
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Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through a hole through the skull bone most commonly draining from the nose (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA) or the ear (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA).
Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister's Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)
A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).
Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.
All blood proteins except albumin ( = SERUM ALBUMIN, which is not a globulin) and FIBRINOGEN (which is not in the serum). The serum globulins are subdivided into ALPHA-GLOBULINS; BETA-GLOBULINS; and GAMMA-GLOBULINS on the basis of their electrophoretic mobilities. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Collaborations in biotechnology
Commercial and academic collaborations are used throughout the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector to enhance research and product development. Collaborations can take the form of research and evaluation agreements, licensing, partnerships etc. ...