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To efficiently ferment intermediate cellodextrins released during cellulose hydrolysis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been engineered by introduction of a heterologous cellodextrin utilizing pathway consisting of a cellodextrin transporter and either an intracellular β-glucosidase or a cellobiose phosphorylase. Among two types of cellodextrin transporters, the passive facilitator CDT-2 has not enabled better cellobiose fermentation than the active transporter CDT-1, which suggests that the CDT-2 might be engineered to provide energetic benefits over the active transporter in cellobiose fermentation. We attempted to improve cellobiose transporting activity of CDT-2 through laboratory evolution. Nine rounds of a serial subculture of S. cerevisiae expressing CDT-2 and cellobiose phosphorylase on cellobiose led to the isolation of an evolved strain capable of fermenting cellobiose to ethanol 10-fold faster than the original strain. After sequence analysis of the isolated CDT-2, a single point mutation on CDT-2 (N306I) was revealed to be responsible for enhanced cellobiose fermentation. Also, the engineered strain expressing the mutant CDT-2 with cellobiose phosphorylase showed a higher ethanol yield than the engineered strain expressing CDT-1 and intracellular β-glucosidase under anaerobic conditions, suggesting that CDT-2 coupled with cellobiose phosphorylase may be better choices for efficient production of cellulosic ethanol with the engineered yeast.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of biotechnology
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A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 22.214.171.124.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
A set of nuclear proteins in SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE that are required for the transcriptional repression of the silent mating type loci. They mediate the formation of silenced CHROMATIN and repress both transcription and recombination at other loci as well. They are comprised of 4 non-homologous, interacting proteins, Sir1p, Sir2p, Sir3p, and Sir4p. Sir2p, an NAD-dependent HISTONE DEACETYLASE, is the founding member of the family of SIRTUINS.
A protein kinase encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC28 gene and required for progression from the G1 PHASE to the S PHASE in the CELL CYCLE.