Advertisement

Topics

The effect of mood state on visual search times for detecting a target in noise: An application of smartphone technology.

08:00 EDT 17th April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The effect of mood state on visual search times for detecting a target in noise: An application of smartphone technology."

The study of visual perception has largely been completed without regard to the influence that an individual's emotional status may have on their performance in visual tasks. However, there is a growing body of evidence to suggest that mood may affect not only creative abilities and interpersonal skills but also the capacity to perform low-level cognitive tasks. Here, we sought to determine whether rudimentary visual search processes are similarly affected by emotion. Specifically, we examined whether an individual's perceived happiness level affects their ability to detect a target in noise. To do so, we employed pop-out and serial visual search paradigms, implemented using a novel smartphone application that allowed search times and self-rated levels of happiness to be recorded throughout each twenty-four-hour period for two weeks. This experience sampling protocol circumvented the need to alter mood artificially with laboratory-based induction methods. Using our smartphone application, we were able to replicate the classic visual search findings, whereby pop-out search times remained largely unaffected by the number of distractors whereas serial search times increased with increasing number of distractors. While pop-out search times were unaffected by happiness level, serial search times with the maximum numbers of distractors (n = 30) were significantly faster for high happiness levels than low happiness levels (p = 0.02). Our results demonstrate the utility of smartphone applications in assessing ecologically valid measures of human visual performance. We discuss the significance of our findings for the assessment of basic visual functions using search time measures, and for our ability to search effectively for targets in real world settings.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0195865

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [29295 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Visual mental imagery influences attentional guidance in a visual-search task.

Visual mental imagery resembles visual working memory (VWM). Because both visual mental imagery and VWM involve the representation and manipulation of visual information, it was hypothesized that they...

The effects of array structure and secondary cognitive task demand on processes of visual search.

Many aspects of our everyday behaviour require that we search for objects. However, in real situations search is often conducted while internal and external factors compete for our attention resources...

Target Probability Modulates Fixation-Related Potentials in Visual Search.

This study investigated the influence of target probability on the neural response to target detection in free viewing visual search. Participants were asked to indicate the number of targets (one or ...

Negative cues lead to more inefficient search than positive cues even at later stages of visual search.

Observers can focus their attention on task-relevant items in visual search when they have prior knowledge about the target's properties (i.e., positive cues). However, little is known about how negat...

Correction: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) facilitates overall visual search response times but does not interact with visual search task factors.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194640.].

Clinical Trials [9809 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Visuospatial Attention, Eye Movements and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) in Alzheimer's Disease

The aim is to understand which components of attentional deployment and selection are impaired in AD during searching in realistic scenes on a computer screen (Experiment 1) and in a natur...

The Effect of Escitalopram on Mood, Quality of Life and Cognitive Functioning in Glioblastoma Patients

Testing the effect of providing an antidepressant and anxiety-type escitalopram for patients with glioblastoma on patient's quality of life including the effect of treatment on mood and co...

Measuring of Neuro-visual Functionality With Ocusweep

The aim of this study is to measure visual acuity and contrast sensitivity using a novel reaction-time based visual field device Ocusweep compared to widely used methods. Addition to that...

Dyslexics' Visual Attention Field

dyslexia is often considered like a phonological deficit but some researches show that a visual attention (V-A) deficit can occur in dyslexia. The investigator want to show that some dysle...

Evaluation of Factors Associated With Patient Satisfaction and Mood-State in Regional Anesthesia

Patient satisfaction is an important subjective measure of healthcare quality which contributes to evaluation of the structure, process and outcome of services. The key factor in patient s...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.

An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.

A nonspecific term referring to impaired vision. Major subcategories include stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia and toxic amblyopia. Stimulus deprivation-induced amblyopia is a developmental disorder of the visual cortex. A discrepancy between visual information received by the visual cortex from each eye results in abnormal cortical development. STRABISMUS and REFRACTIVE ERRORS may cause this condition. Toxic amblyopia is a disorder of the OPTIC NERVE which is associated with ALCOHOLISM, tobacco SMOKING, and other toxins and as an adverse effect of the use of some medications.

Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article