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(African potato) is a popular medicinal plant that has been used traditionally for the treatment of various disorders. Some HIV/AIDS patients use this traditional medicine together with their antiretroviral therapy. This study aimed to determine the impact of selected materials (i.e., a commercial product, an aqueous extract, and biomass reference plant material) on the bidirectional permeability of indinavir across Caco-2 cell monolayers as well as the bioavailability of indinavir during an acute, single administration study in Sprague-Dawley rats. All of the selected test materials demonstrated inhibition effects on indinavir efflux across Caco-2 cell monolayers, albeit to different extents. An increase in the bioavailability of indinavir was obtained when administered concomitantly with the materials, albeit not statistically significantly. The change in bioavailability directly correlated with the permeability results. It can therefore be concluded that the change in permeability and bioavailability of indinavir was caused by efflux inhibition and this effect was dependent on the type of material investigated, which was found to be in the following order: commercial product > aqueous extract > reference plant material. The clinical significance of the combined effect of efflux and metabolism inhibition by should be determined in another model that expresses the cytochrome P450 3A4 enzyme.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Planta medica
Misoprostol is an E prostanoid (EP) 2, 3, and 4 receptor agonist that is anecdotally used to treat and prevent NSAID-induced GI injury in horses. Misoprostol elicits anti-inflammatory effects in vivo ...
Pharmacokinetics of the Novel, Selective, Non-steroidal Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonist Finerenone in Healthy Volunteers: Results from an Absolute Bioavailability Study and Drug-Drug Interaction Studies In Vitro and In Vivo.
Finerenone is a selective, non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist. In vivo and in vitro studies were performed to assess absolute bioavailability of finerenone, the effect of metabolic en...
It is now well accepted that there is a close relationship between noradrenergic and dopaminergic neurons in the brain, especially referring to the modulation of the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine (LC...
Nanoparticles have promising biomedical applications for drug delivery, tumor imaging and tumor treatment. Pharmacokinetics are important for the in vivo application of nanoparticles. Biodistribution ...
Voriconazole (VRC) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have similar metabolic pathways. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the impact of PPIs on the pharmacokinetics of VRC. Human liver microso...
The purpose of this study is to determine how many HIV-infected patients continue taking ritonavir/indinavir combination after having taken indinavir three times a day as part of their ant...
The purpose of this study is to see if L-756423, an anti-HIV drug, is safe to give with indinavir and if it works well at lowering the level of HIV in the blood (viral load).
Continuous albuterol has become the standard of care for patients in status asthmaticus. We have previously performed an in-vitro study comparing 4 different brands of continuous nebulizer...
The aim of the study is to show the implication of platelets in vasodilation using in vivo and in vitro analysis and to compare the effects of placebo, aspirin and Clopidogrel in this inte...
This Clinical Study has been designed to assess and compare the impact of in vitro or in vivo culture conditions on the euploidy of sibling blastocysts.
Hypoxis is a plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes classified as Hypoxidaceae).
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
Devices used in a technique by which cells or tissues are grown in vitro or, by implantation, in vivo within chambers permeable to diffusion of solutes across the chamber walls. The chambers are used for studies of drug effects, osmotic responses, cytogenic and immunologic phenomena, metabolism, etc., and include tissue cages.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Mutagenesis where the mutation is caused by the introduction of foreign DNA sequences into a gene or extragenic sequence. This may occur spontaneously in vivo or be experimentally induced in vivo or in vitro. Proviral DNA insertions into or adjacent to a cellular proto-oncogene can interrupt GENETIC TRANSLATION of the coding sequences or interfere with recognition of regulatory elements and cause unregulated expression of the proto-oncogene resulting in tumor formation.
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...