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The peptide hormone cholecistokinin (CCK) plays a key role in the central and peripheral nervous system. It is known to be involved in the digestive physiology and in the regulation of food intake. Moreover, the CCK expression has also been detected in the retina of different vertebrates, including fish, although its biological activity in this tissue remains to be elucidated. In literature no data are yet available about the CCK-immunoreactivity in the zebrafish retina during development. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the distribution of sulfated cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK8-S) as a well preserved form during evolution in the zebrafish retina from 3days post hatching (dph) until adult stage, using immunohistochemistry in order to elucidate the potential role of this protein in the development and maintenance of normal retinal homeostasis. The cellular distribution of CCK in the retina was similar from 3 dph to 40days post fertilization (dpf) when immunoreactivity was found in the photoreceptors layer, in the outer plexiform layer, in the inner plexiform layer and, to a lesser extent, in the ganglion cell layer (GCL). Immunohistochemical localization at 50 dpf as well as in the adult stage was observed in a subpopulation of amacrine cells in the proximal inner nuclear layer, in the inner plexiform layer, in displaced amacrine cells and in retinal ganglion cells in the GCL. Our results demonstrate for the first time the occurrence of CCK in the zebrafish retina from larval to adult stage with a different pattern of distribution, suggesting different roles of CCK during retinal cells maturation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.
A period of arrested growth or development in animals that is triggered by external conditions, such as length of day, extreme temperatures, or reduced food availability. It can occur at the embryonic, larval, pupal, or adult stage, depending on the species.
Proteins obtained from the ZEBRAFISH. Many of the proteins in this species have been the subject of studies involving basic embryological development (EMBRYOLOGY).
A genus of tapeworm, containing several species, found as adults in birds and mammals. The larvae or cysticercoid stage develop in invertebrates. Human infection has been reported and is probably acquired from eating inadequately cooked meat of animals infected with the second larval stage known as the tetrahythridium.
Family of MITES in the superfamily Trombiculoidea, suborder Prostigmata, which attack humans and other vertebrates, causing DERMATITIS and severe allergic reactions. Chiggers, red bugs, and harvest mites commonly refer to the larval stage of Trombiculid mites, the only parasitic stage of the mite's life cycle.
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