Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The role of experts and their presentation of testimony in insanity cases remain controversial. In order to decrease possible expert bias associated with this testimony, a number of different alternatives to adversarial presentation have been suggested. Two such alternatives are the use of court-appointed experts and the use of concurrent testimony (or "hot-tubbing"), in which opposing experts provide testimony concurrently and converse with each other directly. An experiment using a sample of venire jurors (n = 150) tested the effect of these alternatives. Results indicate that participants' pre-existing attitudes towards the insanity defense had significant effects on their comprehension of expert testimony, their evaluations of the two opposing experts, and their eventual verdicts, over and above the presentation format (i.e., concurrent vs. traditional testimony) or the use of court-appointed experts (vs. traditional adversarial experts). When concurrent testimony was presented, defense-favoring experts were perceived by jurors as more credible than their traditional counterparts, though comprehension of the testimony did not increase; nor did the presentation format or the affiliation of the experts affect verdicts. The legal and policy implications of the incorporation of the hot-tubbing procedure to US courts are discussed.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Behavioral sciences & the law
The MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), which is broadly used as a cognitive screening test for adults, has been successfully adapted and standardized for children of different nationalities. In the...
Successful sports performance requires athletes to be able to mediate any detrimental effects of anxiety whilst being able to complete tasks simultaneously. In this study, we examine how skill level i...
For years experts have been advocating the need to develop an individual's health potential, which enables him/her to maintain health and improve his/her effective functioning in difficult situations....
Ensuring patient comfort and compliance by emphasizing reduced time frame for image acquisition, without compromising image quality is the key aspect with functional MRI examination. Multiband resting...
Retirement is a life transition involving an obligatory change in how people use their time. Because there are strong associations between use of time and health, different changes in time use followi...
Compare neurocognitive testing MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination) and MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment) to candidates aged patients with 1st line treatment of their cancer will be rec...
The main objective of the study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the "antillanisée" version of the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSEa). The methodology used will permit to ...
Among the limitations caused by cerebrovascular accident (CVA), the upper limb (MS) undergoes changes that limit the individual in his ability to maintain an active social life. Mental Pra...
The purpose of this pilot study is to compare the time it takes to change a breathing tube with a new device, performed by two different groups of anesthesiologists; one group will study o...
The investigators seek to determine whether Virco®TYPE HIV-1 provides benefits equivalent to those provided by local expert review. The investigators propose that clinic patients of the R...
Voluntary organizations which support educational programs and research in psychiatry with the objective of the promotion of mental health. An early association in the United States was founded as the National Committee for Mental Hygiene in 1909, became the Mental Health Association in 1976 and later the National Mental Health Association in 1980. State and local mental health associations in this country are chartered by the national organization and affiliated with it.
Two or more concurrent chronic physical, mental, or behavioral health problems in an individual.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
The inspection of one's own body, usually for signs of disease (e.g., BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION, testicular self-examination).
The decrease in the cell's ability to proliferate with the passing of time. Each cell is programmed for a certain number of cell divisions and at the end of that time proliferation halts. The cell enters a quiescent state after which it experiences CELL DEATH via the process of APOPTOSIS.