Advertisement

Topics

Plastic flexible films waste management - A state of art review.

08:00 EDT 21st April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Plastic flexible films waste management - A state of art review."

Plastic flexible films are increasingly used in many applications due to their lightness and versatility. In 2014, the amount of plastic films represented 34% of total plastic packaging produced in UK. The flexible film waste generation rises according to the increase in number of applications. Currently, in developed countries, about 50% of plastics in domestic waste are films. Moreover, about 615,000 tonnes of agricultural flexible waste are generated in the EU every year. A review of plastic films recycling has been conducted in order to detect the shortcomings and establish guidelines for future research. This paper reviews plastic films waste management technologies from two different sources: post-industrial and post-consumer. Clean and homogeneous post-industrial waste is recycled through closed-loop or open-loop mechanical processes. The main differences between these methods are the quality and the application of the recycled materials. Further research should be focused on closing the loops to obtain the highest environmental benefits of recycling. This could be accomplished through minimizing the material degradation during mechanical processes. Regarding post-consumer waste, flexible films from agricultural and packaging sectors have been assessed. The agricultural films and commercial and industrial flexible packaging are recycled through open-loop mechanical recycling due to existing selective waste collection routes. Nevertheless, the contamination from the use phase adversely affects the quality of recycled plastics. Therefore, upgrading of current washing lines is required. On the other hand, household flexible packaging shows the lowest recycling rates mainly because of inefficient sorting technologies. Delamination and compatibilization methods should be further developed to ensure the recycling of multilayer films. Finally, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies on waste management have been reviewed. A lack of thorough LCA on plastic films waste management systems was identified.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Waste management (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1879-2456
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [26311 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Biodegradation of plastics: current scenario and future prospects for environmental safety.

Plastic is a general term used for a wide range of high molecular weight organic polymers obtained mostly from the various hydrocarbon and petroleum derivatives. There is an ever-increasing trend towa...

The state of municipal solid waste management in Israel.

Regulation is a key tool for implementing municipal solid waste (MSW) management strategies and plans. While local authorities in Israel are responsible for the storage, collection, and disposal of MS...

Desorption modeling of hydrophobic organic chemicals from plastic sheets using experimentally determined diffusion coefficients in plastics.

To evaluate rate of migration from plastic debris, desorption of model hydrophobic organic chemicals (HOCs) from polyethylene (PE)/polypropylene (PP) films to water was measured using PE/PP films homo...

Biotrickling filtration of air-borne styrene: a comparison of filtration media.

This study compares the performances of fern and plastic chips as packing media for the biofiltration of a styrene-laden waste gas stream emitted in a plant for the manufacture of plastic door plates....

Assessing resident awareness on e-waste management in Bangalore, India: a preliminary case study.

The generation of e-waste has increased significantly in India, and the informal recycling of e-waste has adverse effects on environment and public health. In this article, the E-waste management is e...

Clinical Trials [5583 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Evaluating Household Food Behavior With a Smartphone App

The purpose of this study is to test the use of a smartphone app as a way to measure food waste. Investigators propose to improve the accuracy and convenience of household food waste ...

Videoscope Guided Flexible LMA Insertion

Laryngeal Mask Airway Flexible (LMA Flexible) is useful in various surgery because of its unique design. The flexometallic tube allows it could be used in head and neck related surgery but...

FLOW-Finding Lasting Options for Women

1. Purpose: To compare the use of the menstrual cup "The DivaCupTM " to a menstrual strategy using tampons as the primary method of menstrual flow management using indicators of ...

Optimum Hand Position During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

The almost evidences of the optimal hand position during compression had been based on chest computed tomography (CT) or chest plain films of patients for investigating the effective locat...

Evaluation of the Single Use Flexible Optical Scope Versus Multiple Use Flexible Optical Scopes for Intubation

The study is in two parts Part one of the study describes the use of the new single-use flexible video-scope for intubation of patients with predicted normal airways. Part two comp...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.

Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.

Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.

Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.

Waste products which, upon release into the atmosphere, water or soil, cause health risks to humans or animals through skin contact, inhalation or ingestion. Hazardous waste sites which contain hazardous waste substances go here.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Antiretroviral therapy
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...

Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...


Searches Linking to this Article