Advertisement

Topics

Atrial fibrillation and hypertension: State of the art.

08:00 EDT 1st July 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Atrial fibrillation and hypertension: State of the art."

Atrial fibrillation and hypertension are often coexistent. Their incidence increases with advancing age and they are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality. The relation between theses 2 diseases has long been discussed and determined by clinical studies. Left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial remodeling during hypertension favor the development of atrial fibrillation. AF during hypertension increases the risk of thromboembolic complications and heart failure. In patients with hypertension, pharmacological treatment may control the cardiac structural changes and retard or prevent the occurrence of atrial fibrillation. In case of atrial fibrillation, treatment should be focused on the control of heart rate and rhythm and the prevention of thromboembolic accidents. A strict control of blood pressure is highly required in this situation.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: La Tunisie medicale
ISSN: 0041-4131
Pages: 455-460

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [8578 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Atrial Arrhythmias in Pulmonary Hypertension: Pathogenesis, Prognosis and Management.

Atrial arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, are common in patients with pulmonary hypertension and are closely associated with clinical decompensation and poor clinical outco...

Dementia and Atrial Fibrillation: Pathophysiological Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications.

Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke by a factor of 4- to 5-fold, and dementia is a common consequence of stroke. However, atrial fibrillation has been associated with cognitive impairment...

Detecting cerebrovascular changes in the brain caused by hypertension in atrial fibrillation group using acoustocerebrography.

Acoustocerebrography is a novel, non-invasive, transcranial ultrasonic diagnostic method based on the transmission of multispectral ultrasound signals propagating through the brain tissue. Dedicated s...

Biomarkers determining prognosis of atrial fibrillation ablation.

Catheter ablation for rhythm control is recommended in specific patient populations with paroxysmal, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein isolation is the corner...

Valsartan reduced the vulnerability to atrial fibrillation by preventing action potential prolongation and conduction slowing in castrated male mice.

Deficiency of testosterone was associated with the susceptibility of atrial fibrillation. Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists were shown to reduce atrial fibrillation by improving atrial electrical re...

Clinical Trials [5000 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Comparison of Effectiveness of Ranolazine Plus Metoprolol Combination vs. FlecainidE pluS Metoprolol Combination in ATrial Fibrillation Recurrences FOllowing PhaRmacological or Electrical CardioverSion of AtRial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice with a prevalence reaching 5% in patients older than 65 years and an incidence that increases progressively with...

D-dimer In Patients With atRial Fibrillation rEceiving antiCoagulation Therapy

This is a sigle-center, prospective study to evaluate the role of D-Dimer testing in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving Dabigatran or warfarin anticoagulation therapy.

Prevention of AtriaL Fibrillation After Cardiac Surgery

The purpose of this study is to determine if preforming a posterior left pericardiotomy prevents atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery.

Canadian EdoxAban (Lixiana®) Registry in Patients With ATrial Fibrillation With Confirmed ValvUlar HeaRt DiseasE

The objective of this registry is the characterization of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with confirmed valvular heart disease (VHD) who are prescribed edoxaban in a real-life clin...

Management of Antithrombotic TherApy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation or DevelOping AtRial Fibrillation During Hospitalization for PCI

ACS are a potent risk factor for AF, with new onset AF occurring in up to 1 in every 5 patients hospitalized with an ACS. Despite its relatively frequent occurrence and the many etiologic...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.

A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 
DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Adempas (riociguat)
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved on October 8th 2013 Adempas® (riociguat) tablets for: (i) the treatment of adults with persistent/recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) (WHO* Group 4) after ...

Antiretroviral therapy
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...

Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, life-threatening disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries between the heart and lungs of affected individuals. Symptoms can range from mild breathles...


Searches Linking to this Article