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Inositol-requiring enzyme 1 involved in regulating hemocyte apoptosis upon heat stress in Patinopecten yessoensis.

08:00 EDT 24th April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Inositol-requiring enzyme 1 involved in regulating hemocyte apoptosis upon heat stress in Patinopecten yessoensis."

The inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1), one of the primary endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transmembrane receptor proteins, is involved in regulating unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathway and plays an import role in maintaining cell homeostasis. In the present study, an IRE1 homologue was identified from Patinopecten yessoensis (designated as PyIRE1). The cDNA of PyIRE1 was of 3314 bp with a 2646 bp open reading frame (ORF) of IRE1 encoding a polypeptide of 881 amino acids. There were a signal peptide, four pyrrolo-quinoline quinine (PPQ) domains, a transmembrane helix region, a Serine/Threonine protein kinases domain (S_TKc) and a protein kinases or N-glycanases containing protein domain (PUG) in the deduced amino acid sequence of PyIRE1. The PyIRE1 mRNA was constitutively expressed in all the tested tissues, with the highest expression level in gills. PyIRE1 protein was mainly located in the ER of P. yessoensis hemocytes. The expression profiles of PyIRE1, glucose-regulated protein 94 (designated as PyGRP94) and glucose-regulated protein 78 (designated as PyGRP78) were determined by SYBR Green qRT-PCR after heat shock treatment. The mRNA expression levels of all these three genes were significantly up-regulated and reached their peak values at 2 h (3.97-fold, p < 0.05), 8 h (19.67-fold, p < 0.05) and 4 h (27.37-fold, p < 0.05) in hemocytes, 2 h (3.55-fold, p < 0.05), 12 h (8.58-fold, p < 0.05) and 8 h (35.31-fold, p < 0.05) in gills after heat shock, respectively. After the injection with PyIRE1 dsRNA, the mRNA expression of pro-apoptotic B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) family member PyBax and the activity of caspase-3 significantly decreased in comparison with the control groups (p < 0.05) after heat shock treatment. These results collectively suggested that PyIRE1, as an ER stress sensor, was potentially involved in the response upon heat stress by regulating the expression of PyBax and apoptosis of hemocytes in P. yessoensis.

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Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
ISSN: 1095-9947
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An APOPTOSIS-regulating protein that is structurally related to CASPASE 8 and competes with CASPASE 8 for binding to FAS ASSOCIATED DEATH DOMAIN PROTEIN. Two forms of CASP8 and FADD-like apoptosis regulating protein exist, a long form containing a caspase-like enzymatically inactive domain and a short form which lacks the caspase-like domain.

Phosphoinositide phosphatases that catalyze the removal of the 5' phosphate from INOSITOL 1,4,5-TRISPHOSPHATE or myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate, resulting in inositol 1,4-bisphosphate and phosphate. They have important functions in the metabolism of INOSITOL PHOSPHATES and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate signaling pathways such as CALCIUM SIGNALING.

An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.

A phosphorus-oxygen lyase found primarily in BACTERIA. The enzyme catalyzes the cleavage of a phosphoester linkage in 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol to form 1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate and diacylglycerol. The enzyme was formerly classified as a phosphoric diester hydrolase (EC 3.1.4.10) and is often referred to as a TYPE C PHOSPHOLIPASES. However it is now known that a cyclic phosphate is the final product of this enzyme and that water does not enter into the reaction.

An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of myo-inositol-1-phosphate from glucose-6-phosphate in the presence of NAD. EC 5.5.1.4.

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