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A multi-tiered approach to determine the binding mechanism of viral clearance utilizing a multi-modal anion exchange resin was applied to a panel of four viral species that are typically used in validating viral clearance studies (i.e., X-MuLV, MVM, REO3, and PrV). First, virus spiked buffer-only experiments were conducted to evaluate the virus's affinity for single mode and multi-modal chromatography resins under different buffer conditions in a chromatography column setting. From these results we hypothesize that the mechanisms of binding of the viruses involve binding to both the hydrophobic and anionic functional groups. This mechanistic view agreed with the general surface characteristics of the different virus species in terms of isoelectric point and relative hydrophobicity values. This hypothesized mechanistic binding was then tested with commercially-relevant, in-process materials, in which competitive binding occurred between the load components (e.g., viruses, target product, and impurities) and the resin. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biotechnology progress
Hallucinations can occur in single or multiple sensory modalities. Historically, greater attention has been paid to single sensory modality experiences with a comparative neglect of hallucinations tha...
This protocol demonstrates a customized bioaerosol sampling method for viruses. In this system, anion exchange resin is coupled with liquid impingement-based air sampling devices for efficacious conce...
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Blood samples from urticaria patients will be analyzed for viral particles
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Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.
Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.
Regulatory sequences important for viral replication that are located on each end of the HIV genome. The LTR includes the HIV ENHANCER, promoter, and other sequences. Specific regions in the LTR include the negative regulatory element (NRE), NF-kappa B binding sites , Sp1 binding sites, TATA BOX, and trans-acting responsive element (TAR). The binding of both cellular and viral proteins to these regions regulates HIV transcription.
Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in cultured cells. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the viral particles are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some viruses, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain viral antigens which can be measured by immunofluorescence.
A subclass of ORGANIC ANION TRANSPORTERS whose transport of organic anions is linked directly to the hydrolysis of ATP. The subclass includes those ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS that transport organic ions.