Advertisement

Topics

Distribution of Radioactive Cesium during Milling and Cooking of Contaminated Buckwheat.

08:00 EDT 30th April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Distribution of Radioactive Cesium during Milling and Cooking of Contaminated Buckwheat."

To clarify the behavior of radioactive cesium (Cs) in buckwheat grains during milling and cooking processes, parameters such as processing factor (Pf) and food processing retention factor (Fr) were evaluated in two lots of buckwheat grains, R1 and R2, with different concentrations of radioactive Cs. Three milling fractions, the husk, bran, and flour fractions, were obtained using a mill and electric sieve. The radioactive Cs (Cs + Cs) concentrations in husk and bran were higher than that in grain, whereas the concentration in flour was lower than that in grain. Pf values for the flours of R1 and R2 were 0.60 and 0.80, respectively. Fr values for the flours of R1 and R2 were 0.28 and 0.53, respectively. Raw buckwheat noodles (soba) were prepared using a mixture of buckwheat flour and wheat flour according to the typical recipe and were cooked with boiling water for 0.5, 1, and 2 min, followed by rinsing with water. Pf values for the soba boiled for 2 min (optimal for eating) made with R1 and R2 were 0.34 and 0.40, respectively. Fr values for these R1 and R2 samples were 0.55 and 0.66, respectively. Pf and Fr values for soba boiled for different times for both R1 and R2 were less than 0.6 and 0.8, respectively. Thus, buckwheat flour and its product, soba, cooked by boiling, are considered acceptable for human consumption according to the standard limit for radioactive Cs in buckwheat grains.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of food protection
ISSN: 1944-9097
Pages: 881-885

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [5680 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Cesium emissions from laboratory fires.

If a radiological incident such as a nuclear power plant accident, a radiological dispersal device, or detonation of an improvised nuclear device occurs, significant areas may be contaminated. Initial...

Comparison of high pressure homogenization and stirred bead milling for the production of nano-crystalline suspensions.

Currently, the two technologies primarily used for the manufacturing of nano-crystalline suspensions using top down process (i.e. wet milling) are high pressure homogenization (HPH) and stirred bead m...

Cesium desorption behavior of weathered biotite in Fukushima considering the actual radioactive contamination level of soils.

For the better understanding of radioactive contamination in Fukushima Prefecture at present and in future, Cs desorption experiments have been conducted mainly using weathered biotite (WB) collected ...

Quantitative cesium speciation and leaching properties in alkali-activated municipal solid waste incineration fly ash and pyrophyllite-based systems.

There is an urgent need to dispose safely of the municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWIFA) contaminated by cesium (Cs) released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accidents. This...

Mechanochemical treatment of Cr(VI) contaminated soil using a sodium sulfide coupled solidification/stabilization process.

In this research, mechanochemical reduction was carried out to remediate Cr(VI) contaminated soil, and the reduction effectiveness was evaluated by analyzing the corresponding leachable fraction obtai...

Clinical Trials [1282 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Surgical Resection and Intraoperative Cesium-131 Brachytherapy for Head and Neck Cancer

This pilot clinical trial studies cesium Cs 131 brachytherapy in treating patients with head and neck cancer that has come back (recurrent) and can be removed by surgery. Brachytherapy, al...

Intraoperative Placement of Cesium-131 Permanent Interstitial Brachytherapy in Head and Neck Cancer

The purpose of this study is to explore the use of a treatment called interstitial brachytherapy for patients who have a high risk resectable (able to be treated with surgery) recurrent he...

Efficacy Testing of Djulis-Buckwheat Drink on Cardiovascular Protection

The purpose of the trial is to evaluate the effect of Djulis-Buckwheat drink on cardiovascular protection after ingesting for 8 weeks. In addition, the correlation between the supplement a...

Exploring Buckwheat's Glucose Lowering Potential

Bioactive components in buckwheat enhance insulin sensitivity in Type 2 diabetes by improving glucose uptake and utilization through a unique mechanism that operates independent of insulin...

Cooking and Nutrition Education for Health Among Adults With Diabetes

This study is a multi-dimensional therapeutic lifestyle program that offers cooking and nutrition education as well as email-based health coaching to diabetic patients in an underserved Cl...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.

Stable cesium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cesium, but differ in atomic weight. Cs-133 is a naturally occurring isotope.

Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.

A member of the alkali metals. It has an atomic symbol Cs, atomic number 50, and atomic weight 132.91. Cesium has many industrial applications, including the construction of atomic clocks based on its atomic vibrational frequency.

Tools used in COOKING or EATING such as cutlery, pots, pans, and dishes.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...


Searches Linking to this Article