General dependencies and causality analysis of road traffic fatalities in OECD countries.

08:00 EDT 7th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "General dependencies and causality analysis of road traffic fatalities in OECD countries."

The road traffic accidents were responsible for material and human loss which was equal to 2.8 to 5% of gross national product (GNP). However, literature does not explore the elasticity coefficients and nexus of road traffic fatalities with foreign direct investment, health expenditures, trade openness, mobile subscriptions, the number of researchers in R&D department, and environmental particulate matter. This study filled this research gap by exploring the nexus between road traffic fatalities, foreign direct investment, health expenditures, trade openness, mobile subscriptions, the number of researchers, and environmental particulate matter in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries by using panel data from 1995 to 2015. The panel Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bound test was used for the detection of cointegration between the variables after checking the stationarity in selected variables with different panel unit root tests. Panel vector error correction model explored the causality of road traffic fatalities, foreign direct investment, PM2.5 in the environment, and trade openness in the long run. Road traffic fatalities showed short run bi-directional causality with foreign direct investment and health expenditures. The short run bi-directional causality was also observed between trade and foreign direct investment and cellular mobile subscriptions and foreign direct investment. The panel fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) and panel dynamic ordinary least square (DOLS) showed the 0.947% reduction in road fatalities for 1% increase in the health expenditures in OECD countries. The significant reduction in road fatalities was also observed due to 1% increase in trade openness and researchers in R&D, which implies the importance of trade and research for road safety. It is required to invest in the health sector for the safety of precious human lives like the hospitals with latest medical equipment and improvement in the emergency services in the country. The research and development activities should be enhanced especially for the health and transportation sectors. The trade of environment-friendly technology should be promoted for the protection of environment.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental science and pollution research international
ISSN: 1614-7499


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [17813 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

An Analysis of the Characteristics of Road Traffic Injuries and a Prediction of Fatalities in China from 1996 to 2015.

This study analyzed the characteristics and burdens of road traffic injuries (RTIs) from the three perspectives of time, space and population in China and predicted traffic fatalities using two models...

Epidemiology of Road Traffic Injury Fatalities among Car Users; A Study Based on Forensic Medicine Data in East Azerbaijan of Iran.

To study the epidemiology of car user road traffic fatalities (CURTFs) during eight years, in East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Descriptive epidemiology of Karachi road traffic crash mortality in 2015.

The Karachi city's Road Traffic Injury Research and Prevention Center (RTIRPC), collects Road Traffic Crash (RTC) data on injuries and fatalities from three major public and private hospitals' emergen...

Cost benefit study of a safety campaign's impact on road safety.

The aim of this paper is to identify a break in the development trend of the time series of the number of fatal, light and heavy injuries in traffic accidents and compare the progress caused by the me...

Gambling and Subsequent Road Traffic Injuries: A Longitudinal Cohort Analysis.

To compare the risks of a road traffic injury (RTI) crash among adults who were involved in high-risk gambling and those who did not gamble.

Clinical Trials [3931 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Aggressive Driving and Road Rage: A Driving Simulation Experiment.

Driving a car is the most dangerous behavior most people engage in every day. According to the World Health Organization, about 1.25 million people die each year as a result of road traffi...

Alcohol and Other Psychoactive Substances in Road Traffic - a Case-control Study

The main purpose of the study is to determine the accident risk when driving under the influence of psychoactive substances, including alcohol (DUI). Other aims are to find out the prevale...

Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Behavioral Problems in Children After Road Traffic Accidents: a Randomized Controlled Trial

The purpose of this study is to study the effectiveness of an early psychological intervention 7-10 days after a road traffic accident on posttraumatic stress and behavior of children and ...

Pilot Study To Investigate Targetable Metabolic Pathways Sustaining Triple Negative Breast Cancer

The primary objective is to describe and discover new insights into the glucose, amino acid, and lipid metabolic dependencies of TNBC via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy anal...

Geographic Modeling of Traffic and Asthma Rates

This study surveys the parents/guardians about symptoms and diagnosis of asthma in kindergarten and first-grade students in 13 schools around the city of Anchorage, Alaska. Traffic informa...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.

Motorized, recreational vehicles used on non-public roads. They include all-terrain vehicles, dirt-bikes, minibikes, motorbikes, trailbikes, and snowmobiles. Excludes MOTORCYCLES, which are considered public road vehicles.

A cluster of chemical dependencies to specific foods or food in general in which there develops a physical craving for these foods.

A peripheral vasodilator that was formerly used in the management of peripheral and cerebral vascular disorders. It is hepatotoxic and fatalities have occurred. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1312)

A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article