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Dioscin Promotes Proliferation of Pancreatic Beta Cells via Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathways.

08:00 EDT 1st May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dioscin Promotes Proliferation of Pancreatic Beta Cells via Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathways."

Dysfunction of pancreatic beta cells is related with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dioscin, a natural steroid saponin, has many pharmacological effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dioscin on apoptosis of pancreatic beta cells induced by high glucose.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Clinical laboratory
ISSN: 1433-6510
Pages: 785-791

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A multi-functional catenin that participates in CELL ADHESION and nuclear signaling. Beta catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to the ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It also serves as a transcriptional co-activator and downstream component of WNT PROTEIN-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS.

A specific complex of WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY proteins that mediates the phosphorylation-dependent destruction of cytosolic BETA-CATENIN. The complex is disrupted by cell surface binding of WNT PROTEINS, which allows beta-catenin levels to rise to the point where they migrate to the CELL NUCLEUS and activate transcription.

A catenin that binds F-ACTIN and links the CYTOSKELETON with BETA CATENIN and GAMMA CATENIN.

A complex signaling pathway whose name is derived from the DROSOPHILA Wg gene, which when mutated results in the wingless phenotype, and the vertebrate INT gene, which is located near integration sites of MOUSE MAMMARY TUMOR VIRUS. The signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of WNT PROTEINS to cells surface WNT RECEPTORS which interact with the AXIN SIGNALING COMPLEX and an array of second messengers that influence the actions of BETA CATENIN.

A multi-functional catenin that is highly homologous to BETA CATENIN. Gamma catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It is also found in DESMOSOMES where it mediates the link between DESMOSOMAL CADHERINS and DESMOPLAKIN.

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