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A novel caspase-associated recruitment domain (CARD) containing protein (CgCARDCP-1) involved in LPS recognition and NF-κB activation in oyster (Crassostrea gigas).

08:00 EDT 8th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A novel caspase-associated recruitment domain (CARD) containing protein (CgCARDCP-1) involved in LPS recognition and NF-κB activation in oyster (Crassostrea gigas)."

Caspase-associated recruitment domain (CARD) containing proteins play critical roles in molecular interaction and regulation of various signaling pathways, such as the activation of caspase and NF-κB singling pathway in the process of apoptosis or inflammation. In the present study, a novel CARD containing protein (designed CgCARDCP-1) was identified and characterized from oyster Crassostrea gigas. Molecular feature analysis revealed that, the open reading frame (ORF) of CgCARDCP-1 gene was 759 bp encoding a polypeptide of 253 amino acids with a conserved N-terminal CARD domain and two transcriptional coactivator p15 (PC4) domains in C-terminus. Homologous alignment showed that the amino acid sequence of CgCARDCP-1 shared 30%-46% identity with that of caspase-2. By RT-PCR detection, the mRNA transcripts of CgCARDCP-1 were found to be widely distributed in various tissues of oyster with the highest expression level in hemocytes and mantle. And CgCARDCP-1 protein was mostly distributed in the cytoplasm of oyster hemocytes as shown by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, the CgCARDCP-1 mRNA expression level in hemocytes was significantly up-regulated after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Vibrio splendidus stimulations. The recombinant CgCARDCP-1 displayed strong binding activity with LPS in vitro. In addition, after transfected into the HEK-293T cell with luciferase reporter system, CgCARDCP-1 could significantly promote the NF-κB activation (1.29-fold, p < 0.05) compared to that in the control group. These results collectively demonstrated that the CgCARDCP-1 might serve as a recognition molecule for LPS and a regulator of NF-κB activation in the immune response of oyster.

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Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
ISSN: 1095-9947
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A long pro-domain caspase that contains a caspase recruitment domain in its pro-domain region. Activation of this enzyme can occur via the interaction of its caspase recruitment domain with CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS. Caspase 2 plays a role in APOPTOSIS by cleaving and activating effector pro-caspases. Several isoforms of this protein exist due to multiple alternative splicing of its MESSENGER RNA.

A homotypic protein interaction module of the death domain superfamily. It is composed of a bundle of six alpha-helices that is related in sequence and structure to the DEATH DOMAIN and DEATH EFFECTOR DOMAIN. The Caspase Activation and Recruitment Domain (CARD domain) typically associates with other CARD-containing proteins, forming either dimers or trimers. CARD domains may occur in isolation, or in combination with other domains in CARD signaling adaptor proteins and initiator CASPASES that function in APOPTOSIS.

A long pro-domain caspase that contains a caspase recruitment domain in its pro-domain region. Caspase 9 is activated by pro-apoptotic factors that are released during cell stress and by CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS. It activates APOPTOSIS by cleaving and activating EFFECTOR CASPASES.

A long pro-domain caspase that contains a caspase recruitment domain in its pro-domain region. Caspase 9 is activated during cell stress by mitochondria-derived proapoptotic factors and by CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as APOPTOTIC PROTEASE-ACTIVATING FACTOR 1. It activates APOPTOSIS by cleaving and activating EFFECTOR CASPASES.

A RIP serine-theonine kinase that contains a C-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domain. It can signal by associating with other CARD-signaling adaptor proteins and INITIATOR CASPASES that contain CARD domains within their N-terminal pro-domain region.

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