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A New Stem Cell Biology: Transplantation and Baseline, Cell Cycle and Exosomes.

07:00 EST 1st January 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A New Stem Cell Biology: Transplantation and Baseline, Cell Cycle and Exosomes."

Hematopoietic stem cell biology has focused on stem cell purification and the definition of the regulation of purified stem cells in a hierarchical system. Work on the whole unpurified murine marrow cell population has indicated that a significant number of hematopoietic stem cells, rather than being dormant, are actively cycling, always changing phenotype and therefore resistant to purification efforts by current approaches. The bulk of cycling marrow stem cells are discarded with the standard lineage negative, stem cell marker positive separations. Therefore, the purified stem cells do not appear to be representative of the total hematopoietic stem cell population. In addition, baseline hematopoiesis does not appear to be determined by the transplantable stem cells but rather by many short-lived clones of varying differentiation potential. These systems appear to be impacted by tissue derived extracellular vesicles and a number of other variables. Thus hematopoietic stem cell biology is now at a fascinating new beginning with great promise.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Advances in experimental medicine and biology
ISSN: 0065-2598
Pages: 3-9

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.

The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.

Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

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