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Previous studies indicated that the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measured using brain computed tomography (CT) is a prognostic factor for poor neurological outcome after cardiac arrest. However, these studies were retrospective or included a small sample size. We performed a prospective multi-centre observational study to investigate the correlation between the ONSD on early brain CT and neurological outcomes in patients undergoing targeted temperature management (TTM).
This article was published in the following journal.
Measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is a promising technique for noninvasive assessment of intracranial pressure (ICP), but has certain limitations. A recent study showed that the deform...
To construct prenatal age-specific reference intervals for sonographic measurements of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) during gestation in normal fetuses.
In Trauma brain injury (TBI) patients, early detection and subsequent prompt treatment of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is a challenge in the pre-hospital setting, as physical examination is li...
The optimal time to measure serum albumin concentration (SAC) to predict prognosis in cardiac arrest (CA) survivors has not been elucidated. We aimed to compare the relationships between time-related ...
It is reported that optic nerve sheath diameter increases when higher volume of medication is injected during epidural anesthesia. This study is designed to compare the optic nerve sheath...
Intracranial pressure is measured indirectly using optic nerve sheath diameter with ultrasound. It is reported that epidural pressure varies according to different posture ( lateral decubi...
The purpose of this study is to measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in children without intracranial pressure increase and determine the average optic nerve sheath diameters for hea...
Hydrocephalus is a disturbance of cerebrospinal fluid production, flow and absorption leading to intracranial hypertension. Assessment of the change in intracranial pressure after ventricu...
The assessment of the diameter of the optic nerve sheath (ONSD) using ultrasound can be a very helpful tool in the assessment of increased intracranial pressure in patients operated for ur...
Benign and malignant neoplasms that arise from the optic nerve or its sheath. OPTIC NERVE GLIOMA is the most common histologic type. Optic nerve neoplasms tend to cause unilateral visual loss and an afferent pupillary defect and may spread via neural pathways to the brain.
Atrophy of the optic disk which may be congenital or acquired. This condition indicates a deficiency in the number of nerve fibers which arise in the RETINA and converge to form the OPTIC DISK; OPTIC NERVE; OPTIC CHIASM; and optic tracts. GLAUCOMA; ISCHEMIA; inflammation, a chronic elevation of intracranial pressure, toxins, optic nerve compression, and inherited conditions (see OPTIC ATROPHIES, HEREDITARY) are relatively common causes of this condition.
Conditions which produce injury or dysfunction of the second cranial or optic nerve, which is generally considered a component of the central nervous system. Damage to optic nerve fibers may occur at or near their origin in the retina, at the optic disk, or in the nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, or lateral geniculate nuclei. Clinical manifestations may include decreased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, impaired color vision, and an afferent pupillary defect.
The 2nd cranial nerve. The optic nerve conveys visual information from the retina to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the retinal ganglion cells which sort at the optic chiasm and continue via the optic tracts to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other important targets include the superior colliculi and the suprachiasmatic nuclei. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the central nervous system.
Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.