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Enteroviruses (EV) are associated with a range of serious infections, including aseptic meningitis, hand foot and mouth disease, myocarditis, acute flaccid paralysis and encephalitis. Improved methods for assessing EV genotypic diversity could assist molecular epidemiology studies, clinical diagnosis and environmental surveillance. We report new methods for EV genome amplification, and subsequent genotyping using the miniaturised MinION sequencing device. Importantly, this next-generation sequencer enabled correct strain-level assignment of identity for the EV-A71 isolate assessed, where strains with up to 99.7% similarity were discriminated. In addition, an accurate consensus sequence was produced for EV-A71 isolate RNA, with 99.3-99.6% similarity to the reference sequence. Thus, the long nanopore reads enabled rapid whole genome sequencing and strain level identification of EV- A71 isolate RNA. We also demonstrated potential for using MinION sequencing se for direct detection of EV in water samples, which may have application for diversity analysis, water quality monitoring, and environmental surveillance.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Virus research
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A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and consisting of 2 serotypes: Human enterovirus 68 and Human enterovirus 70.
Species of ENTEROVIRUS causing mild to severe neurological diseases among pigs especially in Eastern Europe. Mild strains are also present in Canada, U.S., and Australia. Specific species include Porcine enterovirus A and Porcine enterovirus B.
A species in the family ENTEROVIRUS infecting cattle.
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 10 serotypes, mostly coxsackieviruses.
A species of ENTEROVIRUS infecting humans and containing 11 serotypes, all coxsackieviruses.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...