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Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) has recently received significant attention as an efficacious way to treat diabetes mellitus. However, the short half-life of the peptide limits its clinical application in diabetes. In our previous study, a novel GLP-1 analog (PGLP-1) with a longer half-life was synthesized and evaluated. Herein, we prepared the PGLP-1-loaded poly(D,L-lactide-co- glycolide) microspheres to achieve long-term effects on blood glucose control. The incorporation of zinc ion into the formulation can effectively decrease the initial burst release, and a uniform drug distribution was obtained, in contrast to native PGLP-1 encapsulated microspheres. We demonstrated that the solubility of the drug encapsulated in microspheres played an important role in the release behavior and drug distribution inside the microspheres. Zn-PGLP-1 microspheres had a prominent acute glucose reduction effect in healthy mice during two weeks after the initial injection. A hypoglycemic effect was observed in the streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic mice through a 6-week treatment of Zn-PGLP-1-loaded microspheres. Meanwhile, the administration of Zn-PGLP-1 microspheres led to the β-cell protection and stimulation of insulin secretion. The novel GLP-1 analog-loaded sustained microspheres may greatly improve patient compliance with an excellent safety feature.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular pharmaceutics
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