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A Congenic Line of the C57BL/6J Mouse Strain that is Proficient in Melatonin Synthesis.

08:00 EDT 16th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A Congenic Line of the C57BL/6J Mouse Strain that is Proficient in Melatonin Synthesis."

The C57BL/6J (B6) is the most common inbred mouse strain used in biomedical research in the United States. Yet, this strain is notoriously known for being deficient in the biosynthesis of melatonin, an important effector of circadian clocks in the brain and in the retina. Melatonin deficiency in this strain results from non-functional alleles of the genes coding two key enzymes of the melatonin synthesis pathway: arylalkylamine-N-acetyltransferase (Aanat) and N-acetylserotonin-O-methyltransferase (Asmt). By introducing functional alleles of the Aanat and Asmt genes from the melatonin-proficient CBA/CaJ (CBA) mouse strain to B6, we have generated a B6 congenic line that has acquired the capacity of rhythmic melatonin synthesis. In addition, the melatonin-dependent rhythm of dopamine release in the retina is restored in the B6 congenic line. Finally, we have partially characterized the Aanat and Asmt genes of the CBA strain and have identified multiple differences between CBA and B6 alleles, including single nucleotide polymorphism and deletion/insertion of DNA segments of various sizes. As an improved model organism with functional components of the melatonin synthesis pathway and melatonin-dependent circadian regulations, the new line will be useful to researchers studying melatonin physiological functions in a variety of fields including, but not limited to, circadian biology and neuroscience. In particular, the congenic line will be useful to speed up introduction of melatonin production capacity into genetically-modified mouse lines of interest such as knockout lines, many of which are on B6 or mixed B6 backgrounds. The melatonin-proficient B6 congenic line will be widely distributed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of pineal research
ISSN: 1600-079X
Pages: e12509

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