Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The co-occurrence of a Copy Number Variant (CNV) and a functional variant on the other allele may be a relevant genetic mechanism in schizophrenia. We hypothesized that the cumulative burden of such double hits - in particular those composed of a deletion and a coding single nucleotide variation (SNV) - is increased in patients with schizophrenia.We combined CNV data with coding variants data in 795 patients with schizophrenia and 474 controls. To limit false CNV-detection, only CNVs called only by two algorithms we included. CNV-affected genes were subsequently examined for coding SNVs, which we termed "CNV-SNVs". Correcting for total queried sequence, we assessed the CNV-SNV-burden and the combined predicted deleterious effect. We estimated p-values by permutation of the phenotype.We detected 105 CNV-SNVs; 67 in duplicated and 38 in deleted genic sequence. While the difference in CNV-SNVs rates was not significant, the combined deleteriousness inferred by CNV-SNVs in deleted sequence was almost fourfold higher in cases compared to controls (nominal p = 0.009). This effect may be driven by a higher number of CNV-SNVs and/or by a higher degree of predicted deleteriousness of CNV-SNVs. No such effect was observed for duplications.We provide early evidence that deletions co-occurring with a functional variant may be relevant, albeit of modest impact, for the genetic etiology of schizophrenia. Large-scale consortium studies are required to validate our findings. Sequence-based analyses would provide the best resolution for detection of CNVs as well as coding variants genome-wide.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Human molecular genetics
Despite extensive testing, the efficacy of low-frequency (1 Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of temporo-parietal targets for the treatment of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH...
Schizophrenia is associated with increased physical morbidity and early mortality, suggesting that the aging process may be accelerated in schizophrenia. However, the biological underpinnings of these...
Numerous case reports have reported psychotic worsening when switching to or adding aripiprazole in patients with schizophrenia. The risk of psychotic worsening related to aripiprazole was evaluated t...
To determine if adjunctive treatment with a standardized extract of Withania somnifera (WSE), with known anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties, improves psychopathology and stress in patie...
Our ability to predict and prevent homicides committed by individuals with schizophrenia is limited. Cognitive impairments are associated with poorer functional outcome in schizophrenia, possibly also...
A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of celecoxib as an add-on therapy to risperidone compared to risperidone plus placebo in the treatment of 200 treatment-naive first-epi...
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group, 6-week study, evaluating two dose levels of ACP-104 or Placebo twice a day in patients with schizophrenia who are exp...
The aim of the proposed study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of add-on gamma-glutamylethylamide (L-theanine) versus a placebo for antipsychotic treatment for 8 weeks in a random...
This study will investigate the safety and efficacy of quetiapine in sub-optimally responding patients with DSM-IV schizophrenia using a double blind, randomized 12-week trial comparing or...
The investigators intend to explore the hypothesis that symptoms of schizophrenia may be reduced by the antimalarial compound artemisinin when used in addition to standard antipsychotic me...
A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
A type of schizophrenia characterized by abnormality of motor behavior which may involve particular forms of stupor, rigidity, excitement or inappropriate posture.
An obsolete concept, historically used for childhood mental disorders thought to be a form of schizophrenia.
RNA consisting of two strands as opposed to the more prevalent single-stranded RNA. Most of the double-stranded segments are formed from transcription of DNA by intramolecular base-pairing of inverted complementary sequences separated by a single-stranded loop. Some double-stranded segments of RNA are normal in all organisms.
A type of schizophrenia characterized by frequent incoherence; marked loosening of associations, or grossly disorganized behavior and flat or grossly inappropriate affect that does not meet the criteria for the catatonic type; associated features include extreme social withdrawal, grimacing, mannerisms, mirror gazing, inappropriate giggling, and other odd behavior. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...