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In the context of a food product label, the term "claim" refers to information that attributes value to the product. The term extends to many different types of information, from product identity, descriptors of intended use, and identification of characteristic properties to the physiologic effects in the body of substances in the food, including the reduction of risk of disease. Food labeling, which includes claims, provides information that consumers want and use to improve their diets. Consumers prefer short statements on the front label claims to longer, more detailed information, including ingredients statements and a nutrition panel. Three types of claims are permitted in the United States. Nutrient content claims describe the level of the nutrient in the food relative to an established daily value, e.g., "Excellent source of choline," and are subject to composition limits for other nutrients, such as total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol. Health claims describe the relation between a food substance and the risk of disease, e.g., "Adequate calcium and vitamin D throughout life, as part of a well-balanced diet, may reduce the risk of osteoporosis." They must undergo a premarket evaluation by the FDA to ensure that there is significant scientific agreement about the relation in question. The third type of claim, structure-function (SF) claims, has recently come under scrutiny, particularly regarding their use on infant formula. Such claims represent a food's effect on the structure or function of the body for maintenance of good health and nutrition. These claims must be truthful and not misleading, but are not subject to premarket approval before use. The purpose of this perspective is to describe the origins and unique niche of SF claims, and to comment on recent proposals to further regulate such claims on infant formula.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.)
The authors regret that, in this article, there was an error in the analyses comparing infant male and female regional brain volume differences.
The metatarsal parabola or formula is an important principle in assessing normal foot structure and pathology. To understand what effect the positions of the distal ends of the metatarsals have on foo...
Infant formula is often used as a treatment for neonatal hypoglycaemia in Australia; however, there are concerns that this may jeopardise mother-baby bonding and breastfeeding. Successful use of gluco...
Excess or rapid weight gain during the first 2 years of life is associated with an increased risk of later childhood and adult overweight and obesity. When compared with breastfed infants, formula fe...
Growth among infants with CHD is poor, and is multifactorial with multiple contributing factors. Unexplained hypophosphataemia has been reported among infants and children with complex medical needs c...
Prospective, double-blind, randomized study of 2 infant formulas.
The purpose of this clinical trial is to assess growth (rate of weight gain in grams per day) of infants fed an infant formula with a whey isolate enriched with lactoferrin, during the fir...
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the growth, safety, and tolerance in healthy, term infants consuming a new to market infant formula (Formula A) and a commercially availab...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether infants fed a formula with protein levels different than a standard infant formula have similar growth and development.
To evaluate the growth of healthy term infants fed an experimental infant formula with a prebiotic, a commercial control infant formula with a probiotic, but without a prebiotic and human ...
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of INFANTS, useful for those with special needs or MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY or those whose mothers are unable to breastfeed (BREAST FEEDING).
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
An infant born at or after 42 weeks of gestation.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...