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We investigated whether the therapeutic effects of dexamethasone for allergic asthma and rhinitis were enhanced in mice when exposed to hypergravity. Forty mice were divided into 5 groups (n = 8/group): Control group received saline intraperitoneally (i.p.) and intranasally (i.n.); Asthma group received i.p./i.n. ovalbumin (OVA) for inducing allergic asthma/rhinitis; Dexa group received i.n. dexamethasone (0.75 mg/kg) 30 minutes before each OVA challenge; Hypergravity group was subjected to allergic asthma/rhinitis as well as exposed to 5 G hypergravity for 30 days; Finally in Dexa/Hypergravity group, hypergravity and dexamethasone were used simultaneously during induction of allergic asthma/rhinitis. Dexa group and Hypergravity group showed a significant decrease in serum total IgE levels compared to the Asthma group (p<0.05). Dexa/Hypergravity group showed greater IgE decrease compared with Dexa group (p = 0.040). Compared with the monotherapy groups, Dexa/Hypergravity group showed significantly fewer eosinophils in BAL fluid (p<0.05). Dexa/Hypergravity group showed significantly decreased eosinophilic infiltration into the lungs and nasal cavity (p<0.05). EC-SOD (extracellular superoxide dismutase) expression was significantly upregulated in the Hypergravity group and Dexa/Hypergravity group, compared with the Dexa group (p<0.05). In conclusion, hypergravity enhanced the therapeutic effect of dexamethasone in a murine model of allergic asthma and rhinitis. Therefore, combination could be a promising strategy, and one of its mechanisms could be up-regulation of EC-SOD expression.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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