Advertisement

Topics

Postoperative Pain and Analgesia: Is There a Genetic Basis to the Opioid Crisis?

08:00 EDT 1st June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Postoperative Pain and Analgesia: Is There a Genetic Basis to the Opioid Crisis?"

Multiple factors have been implicated in determining why certain patients have increased postoperative pain, with the potential to develop chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to: 1) identify and describe genes that affect postoperative pain perception and control; 2) address modifiable risk factors that result in epigenetic altered responses to pain; and 3) characterize differences in pain sensitivity and thresholds between opioid-naïve and opioid-dependent patients.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Surgical technology international
ISSN: 1090-3941
Pages: 306-314

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [15261 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The Impact of Patient Characteristics and Postoperative Opioid Exposure on Prolonged Postoperative Opioid Use: An Integrative Review.

The United States is experiencing an opioid overdose crisis. Research suggests prolonged postoperative opioid use, a common complication following surgery, is associated with opioid misuse, which, in ...

Continuous intravenous perioperative lidocaine infusion for postoperative pain and recovery in adults.

The management of postoperative pain and recovery is still unsatisfactory in a number of cases in clinical practice. Opioids used for postoperative analgesia are frequently associated with adverse eff...

Preoperative Fascia Iliaca Block Does Not Improve Analgesia after Arthroscopic Hip Surgery, but Causes Quadriceps Muscles Weakness: A Randomized, Double-blind Trial.

WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Ambulatory hip arthroscopy is associated with postoperative pain routinely requiring opioid analgesia. The potential role of peripheral nerve block...

Perioperative Ketorolac Use and Postoperative Hematoma Formation in Reduction: A Single Surgeon Experience of 500 Consecutive Cases.

In light of the escalating opioid crisis, surgeons are increasingly focused on minimizing opioid use. Ketorolac has well-documented opioid-sparing effects in the postoperative period; however, its use...

The Therapeutic Activity Goal for Acute Postoperative Pain Management.

Acute pain intensity has conventionally been assessed with a patient self-reported, unidimensional pain scale. This approach can inadvertently underestimate analgesia and result in large cumulative op...

Clinical Trials [12295 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Pain Outcomes of Non-opioid vs. Opioid Analgesia for Kidney Stone Surgery.

There are two options for postoperative pain management: opioid and non-opioid analgesia. Pain outcomes will be compared in patients undergoing ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotom...

Wound Infiltration as Part of an Opioid Free Pain Management Pathway Following Cesarean Delivery

This study will investigate the effect of three types of wound infiltration on post Cesarean opioid analgesia consumption when used in conjunction with an opioid free postoperative analges...

Ketamine, Lidocaine and Combination for Postoperative Analgesia in Open Liver Resection

Lidocaine and ketamine both are being used for perioperative analgesia. Perioperative lidocaine infusion has been shown to reduce postoperative pain and opioid consumption. Perioperative l...

Mu-Opioid Receptor Genetic Polymorphism and Intrathecal Analgesia

Pharmocogenetics has allowed clinicians to identify associations between an individual's genetic profile and his/her response to drugs. The A118G (c.188A>G)is a single nucleotide polymorp...

Electroacupuncture for Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

A multimodal approach for management of post-operative pain is used to improve analgesia, minimize side effects, and improve recovery. Nevertheless, opioid analgesics and intravenous patie...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pyrrolizine carboxylic acid derivative structurally related to INDOMETHACIN. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent used for analgesia for postoperative pain and inhibits cyclooxygenase activity.

Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).

Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).

Pain during the period after surgery.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 
DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Anesthesiology
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Pain
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...

Pain Disorder
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...


Searches Linking to this Article