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Usefulness of F-18 FP-CIT PET to predict dopamine-responsive hand tremor in patients other than Parkinson's disease: Two case reports.

08:00 EDT 1st June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Usefulness of F-18 FP-CIT PET to predict dopamine-responsive hand tremor in patients other than Parkinson's disease: Two case reports."

Treating the patients with hand tremors is clinically difficult, because a wide range of disorders can result in hand tremors. Therefore, when treatment for hand tremors begins, various pharmacological options have to be considered. In clinical practice, a practical approach is to initially check hand tremor patients for signs of Parkinson's disease (PD), because patients with PD can benefit from dopamine treatment. However, only part of patients with PD tends to show a meaningful improvement in hand tremors for dopamine treatment. On the other hand, dopamine treatment may help with hand tremors of patients with other disorders, but dopamine responsiveness can't be predicted by clinical assessment alone.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicine
ISSN: 1536-5964
Pages: e10983

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A dopamine D2 agonist. It is used in the treatment of parkinson disease, particularly for alleviation of tremor. It has also been used for circulatory disorders and in other applications as a D2 agonist.

A relatively common disorder characterized by a fairly specific pattern of tremors which are most prominent in the upper extremities and neck, inducing titubations of the head. The tremor is usually mild, but when severe may be disabling. An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance may occur in some families (i.e., familial tremor). (Mov Disord 1988;13(1):5-10)

Drugs that bind to but do not activate DOPAMINE RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of dopamine or exogenous agonists. Many drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders (ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) are dopamine antagonists, although their therapeutic effects may be due to long-term adjustments of the brain rather than to the acute effects of blocking dopamine receptors. Dopamine antagonists have been used for several other clinical purposes including as ANTIEMETICS, in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, and for hiccup. Dopamine receptor blockade is associated with NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME.

The naturally occurring form of DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE and the immediate precursor of DOPAMINE. Unlike dopamine itself, it can be taken orally and crosses the blood-brain barrier. It is rapidly taken up by dopaminergic neurons and converted to DOPAMINE. It is used for the treatment of PARKINSONIAN DISORDERS and is usually given with agents that inhibit its conversion to dopamine outside of the central nervous system.

Cyclical movement of a body part that can represent either a physiologic process or a manifestation of disease. Intention or action tremor, a common manifestation of CEREBELLAR DISEASES, is aggravated by movement. In contrast, resting tremor is maximal when there is no attempt at voluntary movement, and occurs as a relatively frequent manifestation of PARKINSON DISEASE.

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