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Corrective surgery with a posterior approach for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is often accompanied by considerable bleeding. Massive transfusion after excessive hemorrhage is associated with complications such as hypothermia, coagulopathy, and acid-base imbalance. Therefore, prediction and prevention of massive transfusion are necessary to improve the clinical outcome of AIS patients. We aimed to identify the factors associated with massive transfusion in AIS patients undergoing corrective surgery. We also evaluated the clinical outcomes after massive transfusion.We included and analyzed AIS patients who underwent corrective surgery with a posterior approach from January 2008 to February 2015. We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of 765 consecutive patients. We performed multivariable logistic regression analysis to assess the factors related to massive transfusion. Furthermore, we compared the effects of massive transfusion on clinical outcomes, including postoperative morbidity and hospital stay.Of 765 patients, 74 (9.7%) received massive transfusion. Body mass index (odds ratio [OR] 0.782, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.691-0.885, P < .001) and the number of fused vertebrae (OR 1.322, 95% CI 1.027-1.703, P = .03) were associated with massive transfusion. In the comparison among the different Lenke curve types, Lenke type 4 showed the highest prevalence of massive transfusion. Patients in the massive transfusion group showed a higher incidence rate of postoperative morbidity and prolonged hospital stay.Massive transfusion was required in 9.7% of AIS patients who underwent corrective surgery with a posterior approach. A lower body mass index and higher number of fused vertebrae were associated with massive transfusion. Massive transfusion is related to poor clinical outcomes in AIS patients.
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Accelerated discharge protocols for scoliosis surgery have recently been described in the literature. There are limited data describing the association of length of stay (LOS) during the index admissi...
This study aimed to define changes occurring in axial plane motion after scoliosis surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using gait analysis. Pre- and postoperative axial plan...
Choosing the fusion level for posterior fusion in Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients is highly associated with coronal balance. Previous studies indicated that in patients with lowest e...
We hypothesized that altered coronal balance in adolescent scoliosis leads to asymmetric stress on the lower limbs, with subsequent effects on bone maturation and later morphology. We aimed to assess ...
Prediction of in-orthosis curvature at pre-orthosis stage is valuable for the treatment planning for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, while the position of spinal curvature assessment that is effectiv...
The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the presence, frequency, and severity of mental health disorders amongst adolescents undergoing spinal surgery for scoliosis.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises (SSE) on patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) during bracing. The goal is t...
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) can change the respiratory dynamics and performance of the inspiratory and expiratory muscles, affecting ventilatory capacity. This was a randomized, ...
The purpose of this study is to find out the outcomes of using the PASS LP System to correct adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. This system is a unique set of spinal instrumentation used to ...
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a structural curve of the spine with no clear underlying cause. Bracing is currently the standard of care for preventing curve progression and trea...
The inflammation of a sweat gland (usually of the apocrine type). The condition can be idiopathic or occur as a result of or in association with another underlying condition. Neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis is a relatively rare variant that has been reported in patients undergoing chemotherapy, usually for non-Hodgkin lymphomas or leukemic conditions.
The area of hematology that is concerned with the transfusion of blood and blood components, and in prevention and treatment of adverse effects from BLOOD TRANSFUSION errors.
A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
An adolescent who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...