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Cellular immunotherapy as a therapeutic approach in multiple myeloma.

08:00 EDT 1st June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cellular immunotherapy as a therapeutic approach in multiple myeloma."

Immunotherapy seeks to restore and augment the unique ability of the immune system to recognize and kill malignant cells. This strategy has previously been incorporated into standard of care in myeloma with the use of immunomodulatory drugs and allogeneic transplant. The following review will discuss the rationale for immunotherapy to reverse critical aspects of the immunosuppressive milieu in myeloma and avenues where cellular therapies are now revolutionizing myeloma treatment. Areas covered: A particular focus is outcomes of clinical trials in myeloma published in PubMed database or abstract form using vaccines or adoptive cell transfer: marrow infiltrating lymphocytes, T cell receptor and chimeric antigen receptor T cells. Expert Commentary: Immunotherapy has extraordinary potential in myeloma. Combinations of cellular therapies with immunomodulatory molecules or checkpoint inhibitors are likely to be synergistic and now underway. Future directions include neoantigen or nanoparticle vaccines and further modifications of engineered T cells such as use of dual-antigens, suicide genes or allogeneic cells.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Expert review of hematology
ISSN: 1747-4094
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.

Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.

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Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)

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