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Pulsed electric fields with duration in the sub- and ns time scale (nsPEFs) increase the permeability of cell membranes, enabling the transport of normally impermeant molecules into or out of the cell (electroporation). Such effect is associated to intracellular alterations and indicates nsPEFs as a new stimulus to modulate cell functions. In particular, studies dealing with the application of nsPEFs to excitable cells suggest their use for the stimulation/inhibition of cell excitation. In this paper, the circuital model per surface unit of the plasma membrane of an axon was developed to implement the Hodgkin and Huxley equations, describing the action potential activation process. For the first time, a power electronics circuital simulator was adopted. The model was first validated with conventional microsecond stimuli, and then it was employed to identify the conditions for cell excitation by nsPEFs. The results demonstrated the possibility of electrostimulation by nsPEFs at depolarization levels far below those required for inducing electroporation, and with ionic current dynamics similar to that induced by conventional stimuli, confirming recent experimental findings. Moreover, by using a power electronics tool, easier integration of the cell modeling with the design and optimization of pulse generation systems can be gained.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: IEEE transactions on nanobioscience
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Electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.
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Postsynaptic potentials generated from a release of neurotransmitters from a presynaptic nerve terminal in the absence of an ACTION POTENTIAL. They may be m.e.p.p.s (miniature EXCITATORY POSTSYNAPTIC POTENTIALS) or m.i.p.p.s (miniature INHIBITORY POSTSYNAPTIC POTENTIALS).
The recorded electrical responses from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported. Often used synonymously to event-related potentials which are associated with higher level cognitive processes.
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