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(-)-Stepholidine reduces cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking and cocaine self-administration in rats.

08:00 EDT 31st May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "(-)-Stepholidine reduces cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking and cocaine self-administration in rats."

Dopamine receptors are implicated in cocaine reward and seeking. We hypothesize that (-)-stepholidine, a dopamine D1/D2/D3 multi-receptor agent, would be effective in reducing cocaine reward and seeking in an animal model. We investigated the effects of (-)-stepholidine in cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking and cocaine self-administration (reward).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Drug and alcohol dependence
ISSN: 1879-0046
Pages: 49-54

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.

SMOKING of COCAINE.

Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.

An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.

Any of several South American shrubs of the Erythroxylon genus (and family) that yield COCAINE; the leaves are chewed with alum for CNS stimulation.

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