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Can We Kill Two Birds with This Stone? Anti-Pneumocystis Prophylaxis to Prevent Nocardia Infection in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients.

08:00 EDT 4th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Can We Kill Two Birds with This Stone? Anti-Pneumocystis Prophylaxis to Prevent Nocardia Infection in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients."

We read with interest the recent paper by Molina and coworkers, who studied the relationship between anti-Pneumocystis prophylaxis and Nocardia infections in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. The authors concluded that the use of atovaquone may be associated with an increased risk of Nocardia infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, as compared with cotrimoxazole. In response, we would like to make three comments.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
ISSN: 1523-6536
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A species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting humans and causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA. It also occasionally causes extrapulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Its former name was Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis.

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A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.

The prototype species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting the laboratory rat, Rattus norvegicus (RATS). It was formerly called Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. carinii. Other species of Pneumocystis can also infect rats.

Infections with species in the genus PNEUMOCYSTIS, a fungus causing interstitial plasma cell pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCYSTIS) and other infections in humans and other MAMMALS. Immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS, are particularly susceptible to these infections. Extrapulmonary sites are rare but seen occasionally.

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