Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Macrolide or fluoroquinolone-resistant Mycoplasma genitalium is spreading worldwide. We aimed to determine the influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the quinolone resistance determining regions (QRDR) of parC and gyrA in cultured M. genitalium strains. In addition, we examined the prevalence of macrolide- and fluoroquinolone resistance mediating mutations in specimens collected from Japanese male patients with urethritis in two time-periods between 2005-2009 and 2010-2017, respectively, by sequencing the QRDR of parC and gyrA and domain V of the 23S rRNA gene. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of moxifloxacin, sitafloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, doxycycline, minocycline, azithromycin and clarithromycin were determined in 23 M. genitalium strains. Three cultured strains had elevated MICs for moxifloxacin at 16, 4 and 2 mg/L and had SNPs with the amino-acid change Ser83→Ile in ParC (p<0.001) and 3 kinds of SNPs with amino-acid changes Asp99→Asn, Gly93→Cys and Met95→Ile in GyrA, respectively. Among a total of 148 M. genitalium positive urine specimens, the prevalence of A2058G and A2059G SNPs in the 23S rRNA gene and any SNPs in ParC increased from 4.8% and 22.6% in 2005-2009 to 42.2% and 53.1% in 2010-2017, respectively. If M. genitalium is considered multi-drug resistant in clinical specimens carrying SNPs in the 23S rRNA gene and Ser83→Ile in ParC, the prevalence of multi-drug resistance is 12.5% in 2010-2017 in Japan. In conclusion, the SNP resulting in Ser83→Ile in ParC is closely related to moxifloxacin resistance even though other factors may also affect treatment outcomes by moxifloxacin. The prevalence of circulating multi-drug resistant M. genitalium strains with macrolide- and fluoroquinolone-resistance is dramatically increasing in Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is a sexually transmitted pathogen associated with inflammatory syndromes in men and women. Macrolides and fluoroquinolones are recommended MG treatments. The frequency of M...
Horizontal Gene Transfer was long thought to be marginal in Mycoplasma a large group of wall-less bacteria often portrayed as minimal cells because of their reduced genomes (ca. 0.5 to 2.0 Mb) and the...
Comparison of Mismatch Amplification Mutation Assay PCR and PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism for Detection of Major Mutations in gyrA and parC of Escherichia coli Associated with Fluoroquinolone Resistance.
Fluoroquinolones are the drug of choice for most of the infections caused by Escherichia coli, and their indiscriminate use has resulted in increased selective pressure for antibiotic resistance. At p...
Fluoroquinolone resistance in Enterobacteriales is developed by chromosomal and plasmid-mediated mechanisms. Plasmids play an important role in dissemination of resistant genes and they carry genes th...
Mycoplasma genitalium is a sexually transmitted infection (STI), and a common cause of non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). There is concern regarding the rise in prevalence of M. genitalium and rates of ...
Detection of Chlamydia Trachomatis, Neisseria Gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma Genitalium by Real-time Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) After Pooling Pharyngeal, Anorectal and Urinary Samples, in Men Who Have Sex With Men
This study aims to compare the sensitivity of detecting Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycoplasma genitalium by real-time multiplex PCR in a pooled analysis (i.e. gatheri...
The purpose of this study is to find out which of 2 different antibiotics, doxycycline or azithromycin, works best against germs that may cause nongonococcal urethritis. Study participant...
A randomized clinical trial comparing treatment effectiveness of azithromycin and doxycycline for pediatric Mycoplasma pneumonia.
The objective of this Clinical Trial is to define the methods to be used to document that illumigene® Mycoplasma Direct meets its intended use claims, using the illumipro instrument, with...
Fluoroquinolone is a one of the most important drugs for treatment of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Among them, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin has been used most widely. However, there i...
A species of gram-negative bacteria originally isolated from urethral specimens of patients with non-gonoccocal URETHRITIS. In primates it exists in parasitic association with ciliated EPITHELIAL CELLS in the genital and respiratory tracts.
One of the PENICILLINS which is resistant to PENICILLINASE but susceptible to a penicillin-binding protein. It is inactivated by gastric acid so administered by injection.
Interstitial pneumonia caused by extensive infection of the lungs (LUNG) and BRONCHI, particularly the lower lobes of the lungs, by MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE in humans. In SHEEP, it is caused by MYCOPLASMA OVIPNEUMONIAE. In CATTLE, it may be caused by MYCOPLASMA DISPAR.
A species of gram-negative bacteria causing PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA in calves. Mycoplasma dispar also possibly plays a synergistic role with other BACTERIA and VIRUSES to cause other RESPIRATORY TRACT DISEASES in calves.
A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...