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Management of postpartum hemorrhage: how to improve maternal outcomes?

08:00 EDT 8th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Management of postpartum hemorrhage: how to improve maternal outcomes?"

Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal mortality and severe morbidity. Despite efforts to improve maternal outcomes, management of postpartum hemorrhage still faces at least four challenges, discussed in this review. First, current definitions for severe postpartum hemorrhage hamper early identification of women with high risk of adverse outcome. Adaptations to the definitions and the use of clinical tools such as shock index and early warning systems may facilitate this early identification. Second, surgical and radiological interventions to prevent hysterectomy are not always successful. More knowledge on the influence of patient and bleeding characteristics on the success rates of these interventions is necessary. Scarce data suggest that early timing of intra-uterine balloon tamponade may improve maternal outcomes, whereas early timing of arterial embolization seems to be unrelated to maternal outcomes. Third, fluid resuscitation with crystalloids and colloids is unavoidable in the early phases of postpartum hemorrhage, but may result in dilutional coagulopathy. Effects of different volumes of clear fluids on the occurrence of dilutional coagulopathy and maternal outcomes is unknown. Fourth, a better understanding of diagnosis and correction of coagulopathy during postpartum hemorrhage is needed. Low plasma fibrinogen levels at the start of postpartum hemorrhage predict progression to severe hemorrhage, but standard coagulation screens are time-consuming. A solution may be point-of-care coagulation testing, however, clinical usefulness during postpartum hemorrhage has not been demonstrated. To date, early administration of tranexamic acid is the only hemostatic intervention that was proven to improve outcomes in women with postpartum hemorrhage. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH
ISSN: 1538-7836
Pages:

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