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Coronary artery fistula is an exceedingly uncommon congenital disorder characterized by fistulous communication of a coronary artery with asystemic or pulmonary vessel or a heart chamber. Small fistulas are asymptomatic and benign while large fistulas present in a variety of ways like heart failure, arrhythmias or endocarditis. We report here a rare case of eight years old girl who presented to us with history of shortness of breath and palpitation. Her echocardiography revealed a moderately large right coronary artery fistula that was opening into right ventricle. Angiography later confirmed its presence. We surgically closed it with a pericardial patch on cardiopulmonary bypass. The girl showed uneventful recovery and her postoperative echocardiography revealed no residual fistula. She was discharged on 5th postoperative day and her follow up was also unremarkable.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
Recurrent narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery following surgical procedures performed to alleviate a prior obstruction.
A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
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