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The administration of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) is one of the adjunct therapies investigated and applied to sepsis patients, with the first studies being published nearly four decades ago. Intravenous immunoglobulin preparations have several mechanisms of action e.g. antigen neutralization, Fc-receptor blockade on phagocytic cells, modulation of cytokine responses and modulation of immune cell functions. The currently available evidence suggesting the use of intravenous immunoglobulins in sepsis is weak, but results from recent trials and systematic metanalyses seem more promising for the use of intravenous IgM-enriched immunoglobulins (IVIgGM) in septic patients. Nevertheless, the results of studies examining its value are contradicting. The purpose of this review is to summarize and present, clearly and thoroughly, the currently available data regarding established and future potential clinical uses of IVIgGM in patients with sepsis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of critical care
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Majority of healthcare authorities believe that due to the methodological weakness and small number of patients in conducted therapeutic trials, the evidences are insufficient to support t...
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Adult Patients with Severe Sepsis
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
The presence of fungi circulating in the blood. Opportunistic fungal sepsis is seen most often in immunosuppressed patients with severe neutropenia or in postoperative patients with intravenous catheters and usually follows prolonged antibiotic therapy.
Acute neurological dysfunction during severe SEPSIS in the absence of direct brain infection characterized by systemic inflammation and BLOOD BRAIN BARRIER perturbation.
A 15 kD "joining" peptide that forms one of the linkages between monomers of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A or IMMUNOGLOBULIN M in the formation of polymeric immunoglobulins. There is one J chain per one IgA dimer or one IgM pentamer. It is also involved in binding the polymeric immunoglobulins to POLYMERIC IMMUNOGLOBULIN RECEPTOR which is necessary for their transcytosis to the lumen. It is distinguished from the IMMUNOGLOBULIN JOINING REGION which is part of the IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION of the immunoglobulin light and heavy chains.
The class of heavy chains found in IMMUNOGLOBULIN E. They have a molecular weight of approximately 72 kDa and they contain about 550 amino acid residues arranged in five domains and about three times more carbohydrate than the heavy chains of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A; IMMUNOGLOBULIN D; and IMMUNOGLOBULIN G.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Sepsis, septicaemia and blood poisoning
Septicaemia (another name for blood poisoning) refers to a bacterial infection of the blood, whereas sepsis can also be caused by viral or fungal infections. Sepsis is not just limited to the blood and can affect the whole body, including the organ...