Advertisement

Topics

Prophylaxis and treatment of Pneumocystis Jirovecii pneumonia after solid organ transplantation.

08:00 EDT 8th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Prophylaxis and treatment of Pneumocystis Jirovecii pneumonia after solid organ transplantation."

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) is an opportunistic infection diagnosed in immunocompromized patients. After solid organ transplantation, early infection has decreased as a result of effective prophylaxis, but late infections and even outbreaks caused by interpatient transmission of pneumocystis by air are present in the SOT community. Different risk factors for PJP have been described and several indications for PJP prophylaxis have to be considered by clinicians in patients even years after transplantation. Diagnosis of PJP is confirmed by microscopy and immunofluorescence staining of bronchial fluid but PCR as well as serum ß-D-Glucan analysis have become increasingly valuable diagnostic tools. Treatment of choice is Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and early treatment improves prognosis. However, mortality of PJP in solid organ transplant patients is still high and many aspects including the optimal management of immunosuppression during PJP treatment require further investigations.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pharmacological research
ISSN: 1096-1186
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [21607 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Risk factors and prophylaxis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in HIV-negative patients.

Pneumocystis jirovecii (formely carinii) pneumonia (PcP) affects immunosuppressed patients. Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis has proven to be effective and its indications in HIV patients are well establishe...

A Multivariable Prediction Model for Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in Hematology Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure.

The incidence of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PjP) is rising. Longer time to treatment is associated with higher mortality.

Low Lymphocyte Proportion in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid as a Risk Factor Associated with the Change from Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole used as First-Line Treatment for Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia.

Trimethoprim/sufamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) is the recommended treatment for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP). However, the efficacy and the safety of alternative salvage treatments are less guaraute...

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia prophylaxis in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients: can we always follow the guidelines?

Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a life-threatening disease in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) is the preferred prophyl...

A Multi-Center Case-Control Study of the Effect of Acute Rejection and Cytomegalovirus Infection on Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP) in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients.

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is associated with morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. In this case-control study, we determined the association between post-transplant PC...

Clinical Trials [6017 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

SPM in Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia

This study aims to evaluate specialized proresolving mediators (SPM) concentrations for the first time in subjects infected with Pneumocystis jirovecii. SPM will be measured in blood and u...

Intravenous Pentamidine for Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia

The main objective of this study is to assess the safety of administering intravenous (IV) pentamidine for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) prophylaxis in adult inpatients with hemat...

Dapsone 100 Mg Versus 50 as Primary Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) in Patients With AIDS-Related Complex (ARC)

To determine which of 2 doses of dapsone is effective prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in patients with oral thrush or hairy leukoplakia and less than 400 CD4 lymphocyt...

Comparison of Two Dosage Regimens of Oral Dapsone for Prophylaxis of Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia in Pediatric HIV Infection

Primary: To compare the toxicity of daily versus weekly dapsone in HIV-infected infants and children; to study the pharmacokinetics of orally administered dapsone in HIV-infected infants a...

Gradual Initiation of Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim as Primary Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia Prophylaxis

To determine whether gradual initiation of sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) reduces the incidence of treatment-limiting adverse reactions compared to the routine initiation of the d...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting humans and causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA. It also occasionally causes extrapulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Its former name was Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis.

A pulmonary disease in humans occurring in immunodeficient or malnourished patients or infants, characterized by DYSPNEA, tachypnea, and HYPOXEMIA. Pneumocystis pneumonia is a frequently seen opportunistic infection in AIDS. It is caused by the fungus PNEUMOCYSTIS JIROVECII. The disease is also found in other MAMMALS where it is caused by related species of Pneumocystis.

Infections with species in the genus PNEUMOCYSTIS, a fungus causing interstitial plasma cell pneumonia (PNEUMONIA, PNEUMOCYSTIS) and other infections in humans and other MAMMALS. Immunocompromised patients, especially those with AIDS, are particularly susceptible to these infections. Extrapulmonary sites are rare but seen occasionally.

A genus of ascomycetous FUNGI, family Pneumocystidaceae, order Pneumocystidales. It includes various host-specific species causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA in humans and other MAMMALS.

Antiprotozoal agent effective in trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, and some fungal infections; used in treatment of PNEUMOCYSTIS pneumonia in HIV-infected patients. It may cause diabetes mellitus, central nervous system damage, and other toxic effects.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pulmonary
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...

Transplantation
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...

Pneumonia
Pneumonia (bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia and double pneumonia) is inflammation (swelling) of the tissue in one or both of your lungs. It is usually caused by an pneumococcal infection caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae.  However,...


Searches Linking to this Article