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Perineural dexamethasone and intravenous (IV) dexamethasone have been shown to prolong peripheral nerve block duration. The effects of perineural and IV dexamethasone have only been compared at doses of 4 mg or greater. This triple-blind, randomized trial examined the effect of 1 mg IV versus perineural dexamethasone on interscalene block (ISB) analgesia duration.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Regional anesthesia and pain medicine
This multicenter, randomized trial compared 2, 5, and 8 mg of perineural dexamethasone for ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block. Our research hypothesis was that all three doses o...
This randomized trial compared ultrasound-guided interscalene block (ISB) and costoclavicular brachial plexus block (CCB) for arthroscopic shoulder surgery. We hypothesized that CCB would provide equi...
Certain surgical interventions may require a deep neuromuscular block (NMB). Reversal of such a block before tracheal extubation is challenging. Because anticholinesterases are ineffective in deep blo...
Dexamethasone added to local anesthetics in ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plain (TAP) block for analgesia after abdominal surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of dexamethasone added to local anesthetics in ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for the patients after abdominal surgery.
Lumbar epidural block is an effective and routinely used technique for labor pain relief, and the combined spinal-epidural block has the benefit of using lower doses of local anesthetics and rapid ons...
The purpose of the study is to determine if perineural dexmedetomidine can provide increased prolongation of analgesia when compared to perineural dexamethasone in patients receiving regio...
Many patients undergoing ambulatory shoulder arthroscopy experience moderate to severe pain after surgery. Finding ways to minimize postoperative pain are ideal. Dexamethasone is a cortico...
Shoulder surgery is associated with moderate to severe postoperative pain. Interscalene brachial plexus block is considered by many as the gold standard for treating postoperative pain and...
The effect of perineural dexamethasone administered as an adjuvant in prolonging the duration of analgesia continues to be under debate. The investigators performed a prospective randomize...
In regional anesthesia local anaesthetics alone provide analgesia for not more than 4-8 hours. Increasing the duration of local anaesthetic action is often desirable because it prolongs su...
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.
A treatment schedule in which the total dose of radiation is divided into large doses.
Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.