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The major metabolic feature of diabetes is hyperglycemia which has been linked to the diabetes inflammatory processes, and diabetes-related vulnerability to infection. In the present study, we assessed how glucose affected PBMCs in type I interferon (IFN) production and subsequent signaling. We found that the moderately elevated glucose promoted, and high glucose suppressed type I IFN production, respectively. Pre-exposure to high glucose rendered monocytes more sensitive to IFN-α stimulation with heightened signaling, whereas, instantaneous addition of high glucose did not exhibit such effect. Consistent with this finding, the mRNA levels of IFN-α-induced IRF-7 in PBMCs were positively correlated with HbA1c levels of diabetes patients. Additionally, we found that high glucose promoted the production of other proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines. This study suggests that hyperglycemia may affect the inflammatory process in diabetes via promoting proinflammatory cytokines, as well as the host defense against microbial infections through impeding type I IFN production and signaling.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
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