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According to the principle of horizontal equity, individuals with similar need may have the same possibility of access to health services. The aim of this study is to identify patterns of diagnostic services utilization, in people with, and without chronic disease in Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Infiltration of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) by lymphoma, called neurolymphomatosis, is a rare condition among the spectrum of lymphoma-associated neuropathies; its diagnosis is challenging. Ce...
Real-world evidence on glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RAs) usage is emerging in different European countries but is lacking in Italy. This retrospective cohort study aimed to describe...
The purpose of this study is to assess trends and variation in chest CT utilization in the emergency department (ED) and its diagnostic yield for suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) among a national sam...
Schizophrenia is a chronic, debilitating psychiatric disease with highly variable treatment pathways and consequent economic impacts on resource utilisation. The aim of the study was to estimate the e...
In developing countries lacking functional vital registration system, statistical models are being increasingly used for estimating maternal mortality ratio (MMR). Yet, most of the models have limited...
Diagnostic imaging (DI) tests (for example, x-ray tests, ultrasounds, CT scans, or MRIs) are used by health care providers to help diagnose patient illness, but decisions regarding when th...
The current outpatient evaluation for angina in low and intermediate risk patients typically starts with a functional assessment for coronary ischemia. Exercise treadmill testing is often ...
RATIONALE: Screening tests may help doctors determine which patients are eligible for treatment on clinical trials. PURPOSE: This clinical trial is screening patients with central nervous...
There are naturally occuring variations in the genetic makeup of all of us. Some of these variations may contribute to a change in susceptibility toward different diseases or change the pr...
To determine whether D-Dimer testing, using the MDA D-Dimer assay, can be used to simplify the diagnostic process for pulmonary embolism (PE). This will be assessed by performing a cohort...
Laboratory testing and diagnostic imaging services offered to consumers outside of the patient-physician relationship.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Assessments aimed at determining agreement in diagnostic test results among laboratories. Identical survey samples are distributed to participating laboratories, with results stratified according to testing methodologies.
A unit of the National Institutes of Health that seeks to catalyze the generation of innovative methods and technologies that will enhance the development, testing, and implementation of diagnostics and therapeutics across a wide range of human diseases and conditions. The Center was established in 2011.
Allows patient diagnoses in the physician’s office, in other ambulatory setting or at bedside. The results of care are timely, and allow rapid treatment to the patient. (from NIH Fact Sheet Point-of-Care Diagnostic Testing, 2010.)