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The ethical problems in limiting the role for cost-effectiveness.

08:00 EDT 11th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The ethical problems in limiting the role for cost-effectiveness."

In relation to the Swedish ethical platform for priority setting in health-care it is debated what role cost-effectiveness should play. In the article an ethical analysis is presented showing that a limited role risks leading to unequal priorities between similar needs in conflict with the human dignity and need-solidarity principles of the platform. It is also argued that resulting problems with effect comparability over different conditions and resulting equality problems with the current praxis can be mitigated through strategies like explicitly considering outcome measure and by adjusting the cost-effectiveness threshold under specific conditions.

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Name: Lakartidningen
ISSN: 1652-7518
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.

A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.

Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.

The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, QUALITY OF LIFE, etc. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.

The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.

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