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In relation to the Swedish ethical platform for priority setting in health-care it is debated what role cost-effectiveness should play. In the article an ethical analysis is presented showing that a limited role risks leading to unequal priorities between similar needs in conflict with the human dignity and need-solidarity principles of the platform. It is also argued that resulting problems with effect comparability over different conditions and resulting equality problems with the current praxis can be mitigated through strategies like explicitly considering outcome measure and by adjusting the cost-effectiveness threshold under specific conditions.
This article was published in the following journal.
To evaluate the cost effectiveness of a community-delivered consultation aimed at improving infant sleep and maternal well-being.
Kidney transplantation for end-stage renal disease remains the preferred solution due to its survival advantage, enhanced quality of life and cost-effectiveness. The main obstacle worldwide with this ...
The rising cost of health care in the United States has been the focus of intense debate within the medical, legal, and legislative arenas, with the cost of cancer care representing an important compo...
Physiotherapists have an important role in sexual health, but there are specific ethical considerations regarding sexuality and the practice of physiotherapy which require serious consideration. This ...
Cost-effectiveness models are commonly utilized to determine the combined clinical and economic impact of one treatment compared to another. However, most methods for sample size determination of cost...
This study will describe which ethical dilemmas are experienced by anesthesiologist in the Dutch Healthcare system and what the current solving strategies are for these issues. Semi- struc...
Anemia in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) is a relatively frequent issue, resulting in poorer outcome. There is equipoise regarding which transfusion strategy is best, and there i...
Obesity affects over one third of US adults (>72 million, with BMI ≥30 kg/m2), and the proportion of US adults with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 has doubled in the last 20 years. Obesity is associate...
The specific aims of this study were to assess whether letrozole as an aromatase inhibitor plus hCG or OT alone, or in combination compared with CC, improves ovarian response.Ethical ...
In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients, both in vitro maturation (IVM) and intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are indicated as optional treatments. Although recently ICSI techn...
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, QUALITY OF LIFE, etc. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.