Advertisement

Topics

Epidemics and demographic collapse in Mexico and the Andes in the sixteenth century: contributions from evolutionary biology.

07:03 LMT 1st January 0000 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Epidemics and demographic collapse in Mexico and the Andes in the sixteenth century: contributions from evolutionary biology."

The role of epidemics in the demographic collapse of the Amerindians in Mexico and Andean America after the arrival of the Spanish is discussed. Ernst Mayr's categories of ultimate (or evolutionary) and proximal (or functional) causes are used to argue that ultimate causes, such as genetics, which gave the Spanish immunological resistance, were manifested in a very stratified setting, triggering the destruction of the Incas and Aztecs. Recent interpretations of colonization have played down the importance of epidemics or combined them with social, economic, and political factors, interpreted here as proximate causes. We understand that only by articulating these two categories can the importance of epidemics in the Spanish conquest of Latin America be understood.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Historia, ciencias, saude--Manguinhos
ISSN: 1678-4758
Pages: 391-407

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [3904 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

An analysis of network brokerage and geographic location in fifteenth-century AD Northern Iroquoia.

Iroquoian villagers living in present-day Jefferson County, New York, at the headwaters of the St. Lawrence River and the east shore of Lake Ontario, played important roles in regional interactions du...

Demography and the dual epidemics of tuberculosis and HIV: Analysis of cross-sectional data from Sub-Saharan Africa.

Convergence of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV epidemics is associated with higher morbidity and mortality risks and understanding their distribution across key demographic factors is essential for preventi...

Commerce, conflict, and contamination: yellow fever in early-independence Veracruz in the US imaginary, 1821-1848.

While commercial links between Mexico and the United States through the port city of Veracruz brought significant economic and social advantages in the early nineteenth century, public health concerns...

Neurological Functional Surgery in Mexico: From Pre-Columbian Cranial Surgery to Functional Neurosurgery in the 21 Century.

From the predominance of the pre-Columbian cultures to date, there has been in Mexico an interest in brain structure and function, both in normal and pathological conditions. This interest has given r...

Racial/ethnic differences in the outcomes of patients with metastatic breast cancer: contributions of demographic, socioeconomic, tumor and metastatic characteristics.

Population-based estimates of racial disparities in metastatic breast cancer are lacking. We quantified the contributions of demographic, socioeconomic, tumor, and metastatic characteristics to racial...

Clinical Trials [1092 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Phase 1 Safety and Tolerability Study of Andes-1537 for Injection in Patients With Advanced Unresectable Solid Tumors

This is a first-in-human, open-label, dose escalation and expansion, 2-part study to determine the safety, tolerability, and maximum tolerated dose of Andes-1537 for Injection in patients ...

Physiology of Lung Collapse Under One-Lung Ventilation: Underlying Mechanisms

Lung isolation technique and one-lung ventilation (OLV) are the mainstays of thoracic anesthesia. Two principal lung isolation techniques are mainly use by clinicians, the double lumen tub...

Predictive Tracking of Patient Flow in the Emergency Services During the Virus Winter Epidemics

Epidemics and infectious diseases in general, punctuate much of the activity of an emergency service. The impact of winter infections is particularly important to vulnerable populations su...

Travelling for Rights

This will be a retrospective cohort study comparing women obtaining an abortion in New Mexico and living in Texas and women obtaining an abortion in New Mexico and living in New Mexico .

Tropical Influenza Control Strategies for the Elderly

TROPICS1 is a randomized, observer-blind, active comparator-controlled, multi-center, Phase IV trial in 200 participants aged ≥65 years. The control group will receive a standard dose li...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It is chiefly of coral formation with no good harbors and only small streams. It was probably discovered by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The name was given by 16th-century Spanish explorers from barbados, the plural for "bearded", with reference to the beard-like leaves or trails of moss on the trees that grew there in abundance. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p116 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p49)

Surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis whereby the lung is totally or partially, temporarily or permanently, immobilized. The procedure was based on the popular concept that collapsing the affected portion of a tuberculous lung allowed the infected area to rest and thereby recover. At the beginning of the 20th century artificially induced pneumothorax (PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL) was popular. Later a variety of other techniques was used to encourage collapse of the infected portion of the lung: unilateral phrenic nerve division, PNEUMONOLYSIS, pneumoperitoneum (PNEUMOPERITONEUM, ARTIFICIAL), and THORACOPLASTY. Collapse therapy has declined since the advent of antitubercular chemotherapy. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Sabiston Jr, Textbook of Surgery, 14th ed, p1733-4)

Strains of Neisseria meningitidis responsible for most outbreaks of meningococcal disease in Western Europe and the United States in the first half of the 20th century. They continue to be a major cause of disease in Asia and Africa, and especially localized epidemics in Sub-Sahara Africa.

A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis in Equidae and humans. The virus ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Infections in horses show a mortality of up to 90 percent and in humans as high as 80 percent in epidemics.

The sudden collapse and disappearance or diminution of a colony of organisms.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article